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Advanced level organic chemistry PART 14.7: Structural isomers of molecular formula C7H16

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Doc Brown's Advanced Chemistry: Part 14.7

Structural carbon chain isomers of molecular formula C7H16

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See also Examples of the effects of isomerism on the similarity or difference in the physical and chemical properties of structural isomers

The 9 alkane carbon chain structural isomers of molecular formula C7H16 (Mr = 100)

Examples of carbon chain isomerism

Some of the structural isomers also exhibit R/S isomers (optical isomerism) as well as the carbon chain isomerism

(1) isomers of C7H16 structural formula skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b or isomers of C7H16 structural formula heptane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b  or  CH3(CH2)5CH3

are the abbreviated structural formula for heptane, and the skeletal formula is structural carbon chain isomers of C7H16 heptane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b

(2) isomers of C7H16 structural formula skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b or isomers of C7H16 structural formula 2-methylhexane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b are the abbreviated structural formula

 for 2-methylhexane, and the skeletal formula is 2-methylhexane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b

(3) isomers of C7H16 structural formula skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b or isomers of C7H16 structural formula 3-methylhexane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b are abbreviated structural formula

for 3-methylhexane, and the skeletal formula is 3-methylhexane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b and has an asymmetric (chiral) carbon atom (3rd C), so will exhibit R/S (optical) isomerism - R/S isomers

(4) isomers of C7H16 structural formula skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b or isomers of C7H16 structural formula 3-ethylpentane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b are abbreviated structural formula

for 3-ethylpentane, and the skeletal formula is 3-ethylpentane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b

(5)  isomers of C7H16 structural formula skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b or isomers of C7H16 structural formula 2,2-dimethylpentane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b are abbreviated structural formula

for 2,2-dimethylpentane, and the skeletal formula is 2,2-dimethylpentane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b

(6) isomers of C7H16 structural formula skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b or isomers of C7H16 structural formula 2,3-dimethylpentane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b  are abbreviated structural formula

for 2,3-dimethylpentane, and the skeletal formula is 2,3-dimethylpentane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b  and has an asymmetric (chiral) carbon atom (3rd C), so will exhibit optical (R/S) isomerism - R/S isomers

(7)  isomers of C7H16 structural formula skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b or isomers of C7H16 structural formula 2,4-dimethylpentane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b  are abbreviated structural formula

for 2,4-dimethylpentane, and the skeletal formula is 2,4-dimethylpentane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b

(8)  isomers of C7H16 structural formula skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b or isomers of C7H16 structural formula 3,3-dimethylpentane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b  are abbreviated structural formula

for 3,3-dimethylpentane, and the skeletal formula is 3,3-dimethylpentane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b

(9)  isomers of C7H16 structural formula skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b or (b)isomers of C7H16 structural formula 2,2,3-trimethylbutane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b are the abbreviated structural formula for

2,2,3-trimethylbutane, and the skeletal formula is 2,2,3-trimethylbutane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b


Associated links

Comparison of the ir, mass, 1H and 13C NMR spectra of the isomers of C7H16 (via a 1H NMR spectrum page)

Index of sets of isomers for a given molecular formula

The molecular structure and naming of ALKANES

Index of revision notes on the chemistry of ALKANES and the petrochemical industry

Isomerism: introduction, structural isomerism - chain, positional, functional group, tautomerism

Stereoisomerism: introduction, definition, priority rules, E/Z isomerism (cis/trans isomerism)

Stereoisomerism - R/S isomerism (optical isomerism) - definition - examples explained

index for all isomerism pages

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