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Advanced Level Organic Chemistry: INDEX of AROMATIC CHEMISTRY NOTES

Part 7. The chemistry of Aromatic Compounds

Doc Brown's Chemistry Advanced Level Pre-University Chemistry Revision Study Notes for UK KS5 A/AS GCE IB advanced level organic chemistry students US K12 grade 11 grade 12 organic chemistry

INDEX of all My Aromatic Chemistry Notes

This section of my website is currently under re-development and major extension: 1st drafts of 7.1 to 7.6 and 7.14 ready

7.1 Molecular structure and nomenclature of aromatic compounds

(7.1 also includes an extensive introduction as to how to write and display aromatic formulae including isomers - lots of examples)

7.2 Proof of the structure of benzene, aromaticity and introduction to electrophilic substitution in arenes

7.3 Sources & synthesis of arenes including alkylation (electrophilic substitution), physical properties of arenes and use of arenes in fuels

7.4 Free radical addition reactions of benzene and methylbenzene with hydrogen and side-chain chlorination substitution of the methyl group of methylbenzene

7.5 Electrophilic substitution - nitration of benzene and methylbenzene, properties and uses of nitro-aromatics

7.6 Electrophilic substitution - ring halogenation of benzene & methylbenzene, properties & uses of aryl halides (x-ref 7.9)

7.7 Electrophilic substitution - ring sulfonation of arenes, properties & uses of sulfonic acids

7.8 Electrophilic substitution - acylation of arenes, properties & uses of aromatic ketones, aromatic aldehydes note

7.9 The physical and chemical properties of phenol and some of its derivatives and their uses (x-ref phenols 7.6)

7.10 The physical and chemical properties of phenylamine and some of its derivatives

7.11 The physical and chemical properties of benzoic acid and some of its derivatives

7.12 The structure, properties and uses of polyesters and polyamides involving aromatic monomers

7.13 Examples of aromatic compounds from the pharmaceutical industry and those found in natural products

7.14 Explaining the orientation of products of putting a 2nd substituent into a monosubstituted benzene derivative

(perhaps aspects of 7.14 go beyond what is normally required in pre-university chemistry courses?)

Links checked for 7.0 to 7.6 and 7.14

Need to add x-ref links to 7.14 when rest of 7.2 to 7.13 completed


The following notes below were written before the expanded notes listed above, but they do have basic reaction conditions, reagents and general equations as well as detailed notes on the mechanisms involved.

Nitration to give nitro-aromatics like nitrobenzene

Chlorination to chloro-aromatics like chlorobenzene

Alkylation to give alkyl-aromatics like methylbenzene [Friedel-Crafts reaction]

Acylation to give aromatic ketones [Friedel-Crafts reaction]

Sulfonation to give a sulfonic acid like benzenesulfonic acid


All Advanced A Level Organic Chemistry Notes

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Doc Brown's Advanced Level Chemistry Revision Notes

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 All Advanced Organic Chemistry Notes

 

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