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Advanced A/AS Level Organic Chemistry: ALCOHOLS - REVISION NOTES INDEX

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Part 4. The chemistry of ALCOHOLS (and a mention of isomeric ethers)

Doc Brown's Chemistry Advanced Level Pre-University Chemistry Revision Study Notes for UK KS5 A/AS GCE IB advanced level organic chemistry students US K12 grade 11 grade 12 organic chemistry physical and chemical properties of alcohols principal reactions of aliphatic alcohols

INDEX of all revision notes on the chemistry of alcohols


All Advanced Organic Chemistry Notes

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INDEX of all revision notes on the chemistry of alcohols

(plus a few notes on ethers which are isomeric with alcohols)

4.1 Molecular Structure and Nomenclature of ALCOHOLS (and some ethers)

(Also includes an introduction as to how to write and display alcohol and ether formulae including isomers)

Multiple choice quiz on naming alcohols and ethers

Type in name (short answer) quiz on alcohols and ethers

To doc b! Do mixed naming quiz 3rd, and 4th version by adding other structure/reaction Qs from a 3rd data base?

4.2 The laboratory synthesis and industrial manufacture of alcohols

4.3 Physical properties (boiling points, solubility) and intermolecular forces (including isomeric ethers)

4.4 Combustion of alcohols, enthalpies of combustion and use as fuels (plus a note on isomeric ethers)

4.5 Controlled oxidation of alcohols with selected oxidising agents

4.6A Important reactions with: metallic sodium, acid chlorides and carboxylic acids to give esters

4.6B Dehydration of alcohols to yield alkenes

4.7 Halogenation with hydrogen halides: Conversion of alcohols to halogenoalkanes

4.8 Chemical tests for alcohols

4.9 Examples of uses of alcohols and occurrence in biological molecules - biochemistry

See also Part 15 Organic Chemistry Spectroscopy - examples of IR, mass, H-1 NMR and C-13 NMR spectra


Alcohol reaction mechanisms

The following notes have basic reaction conditions, reagents and general equations as well as detailed notes on the mechanisms indicated (overlap because they were written before above sections 4.2 to 4.8 were compiled)

Conversion of an alcohol to a halogenoalkane mechanism

Elimination of water from an alcohol to give an alkene [acid catalysed, E1 and E2 mechanisms]

Esterification of acid chlorides with alcohols to give an ester mechanism


THE SPECTRA OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

Infrared spectra of ALCOHOLS

(see below for isomeric ethers apart from methanol)

The infrared spectrum of methanol

The infrared spectrum of Ethanol (ethyl alcohol)

The infrared spectrum of Propan-1-ol (1-propanol,)

The infrared spectrum of Propan-2-ol (2-propanol)

Infrared spectra of 4 isomeric alcohols, molecular formula C4H10O

The infrared spectrum of butan-1-ol (1-butanol)

The infrared spectrum of butan-2-ol (sec-butyl alcohol)

The infrared spectrum of 2-methylpropan-1-ol

The infrared spectrum of 2-methylpropan-2-ol

Infrared spectra of ethers

The infrared spectrum of methoxymethane (dimethyl ether) (see isomeric ethanol)

The infrared spectrum of methoxyethane (see 2 isomeric alcohols C3H8O)

Infrared spectra of 3 isomeric ethers, molecular formula C4H10O (see 4 isomeric alcohols too)

The infrared spectrum of ethoxyethane (diethyl ether)

The infrared spectrum of 1-methoxypropane (methyl propyl ether)

The infrared spectrum of 2-methoxypropane (methyl isopropyl ether)

Mass spectra of ALCOHOLS

(see below for isomeric ethers apart from methanol)

The mass spectrum of methanol

The mass spectrum of Ethanol (ethyl alcohol)

The mass spectrum of Propan-1-ol (1-propanol)

The mass spectrum of Propan-2-ol (2-propanol)

Mass spectra of 4 isomeric alcohols, molecular formula C4H10O

The mass spectrum of butan-1-ol (1-butanol,)

The mass spectrum of butan-2-ol (sec-butyl alcohol)

The mass spectrum of 2-methylpropan-1-ol

The mass spectrum of 2-methylpropan-2-ol

Mass spectra of ethers

The mass spectrum of methoxymethane (dimethyl ether) (see isomeric ethanol)

The mass spectrum of methoxyethane (see 2 isomeric alcohols C3H8O)

Mass spectra of 3 isomeric ethers, molecular formula C4H10O (see 4 isomeric alcohols too)

The mass spectrum of ethoxyethane (diethyl ether)

The mass spectrum of 1-methoxypropane (methyl propyl ether)

The mass spectrum of 2-methoxypropane (methyl isopropyl ether)

H-1 NMR spectra of ALCOHOLS

(see below for isomeric ethers apart from methanol)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of methanol

The H-1 NMR spectrum of Ethanol (ethyl alcohol)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of Propan-1-ol (1-propanol)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of Propan-2-ol (2-propanol)

1H NMR spectra of 4 isomeric alcohols, molecular formula C4H10O

The H-1 NMR spectrum of butan-1-ol (1-butanol)

The H-1 spectrum of butan-2-ol (sec-butyl alcohol)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of 2-methylpropan-1-ol

The H-1 NMR spectrum of 2-methylpropan-2-ol

H-1 proton NMR spectra of ethers

The H-1 NMR spectrum of methoxymethane (dimethyl ether) (see isomeric ethanol)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of methoxyethane (see 2 isomeric alcohols C3H8O)

1H NMR spectra of 3 isomeric ethers, molecular formula C4H10O (see 4 isomeric alcohols too)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of Ethoxyethane (diethyl ether)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of 1-methoxypropane (methyl propyl ether)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of 2-methoxypropane (methyl isopropyl ether)

C-13 NMR spectra of ALCOHOLS

(see below for isomeric ethers apart from methanol)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of methanol

The C-13 NMR spectrum Ethanol (ethyl alcohol)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of Propan-1-ol (1-propanol)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of Propan-2-ol (2-propanol)

C13 NMR spectra of 4 isomeric alcohols, molecular formula C4H10O

The C-13 NMR spectrum of butan-1-ol (1-butanol)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of butan-2-ol

The C-13 NMR spectrum of 2-methylpropan-1-ol

The C-13 NMR spectrum of 2-methylpropan-2-ol

C-13 carbon-13 NMR spectra of ethers

The C-13 NMR spectrum of methoxymethane (dimethyl ether) (see isomeric ethanol)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of methoxyethane (see 2 isomeric alcohols C3H8O)

C13 NMR spectra of 3 isomeric ethers, molecular formula C4H10O (see 4 isomeric alcohols too)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of ethoxyethane

The C-13 NMR spectrum of 1-methoxypropane (methyl propyl ether)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of 2-methoxypropane (methyl isopropyl ether)


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 All Advanced Organic Chemistry Notes

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