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Advanced A Level Organic Chemistry: Iindex of aldehyde & ketones revision notes pages

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Part 5. Carbonyl chemistry of ALDEHYDES & KETONES

Doc Brown's Chemistry Advanced Level Pre-University Chemistry Revision Study Notes for UK KS5 A/AS GCE IB advanced level organic chemistry students US K12 grade 11 grade 12 organic chemistry physical and chemical properties of aldehydes and ketones principal chemical reactions of carbonyl compounds

INDEX of revision notes on carbonyl compounds - aldehydes & ketones


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5.1 Molecular Structure and Nomenclature of aliphatic and aromatic aldehydes and ketones

(Also includes an introduction on how to write and display aldehyde and ketone formulae including isomers)

5.2 Physical properties of aldehydes and ketones and intermolecular bonding forces

5.3 Methods of preparing aldehydes and ketones

5.4 The structure and reactivity of aldehydes and ketones and nucleophilic addition of hydrogen cyanide

(also includes the hydrolysis of the resulting nitriles to carboxylic acids)

5.5 The reduction of aldehydes and ketones with NaBH4 and LiAlH4 and reduction of nitriles to amines

5.6 Examples of addition - elimination condensation reactions of aldehydes & ketones (including with 24DNPH product for identification)

5.7 The oxidation of aldehydes and ketones, link with chemical tests and the iodoform reaction

5.8 The uses of aldehydes and ketones and their occurrence in nature

See also Part 15 Organic Chemistry Spectroscopy - examples of IR, mass, H-1 NMR and C-13 NMR spectra


Aldehydes and ketones reaction mechanisms

The following notes have basic reaction conditions, reagents and general equations as well as detailed notes on the mechanisms indicated (overlap because they were written before above sections 5.2 to 5.8 were compiled)

Part 10.6 Carbonyl compounds - ALDEHYDES and KETONES - introduction to their chemical reactivity

Nucleophilic addition of hydrogen cyanide to aldehydes and ketones to form a hydroxy-nitrile

Addition of hydrogen to aldehydes and ketones - reduction with LiAlH4 or NaBH4 to give alcohols

The iodination of ketones e.g. a 2-one like propanone (a methyl ketone) to give iodo-ketones


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THE SPECTRA OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

Infrared spectra of ALDEHYDES & KETONES

The infrared spectrum of ethanal (acetaldehyde)

The infrared spectrum of Propanal (propionaldehyde)

The infrared spectrum of 2-methylpropanal (methylpropanal, isobutyraldehyde)

The infrared spectrum of Propanone (acetone)

The infrared spectrum of Butanal

The infrared spectrum of Butanone

The infrared spectrum of 3-hydroxybutanone (3-hydroxybutan-2-one, 'acetoin')

The infrared spectrum of Benzaldehyde

Mass spectra of ALDEHYDES & KETONES

The mass spectrum of ethanal (acetaldehyde)

The mass spectrum of Propanal (propionaldehyde)

The mass spectrum of 2-methylpropanal (methylpropanal, isobutyraldehyde)

The mass spectrum of Propanone (acetone)

The mass spectrum of Butanal

The mass spectrum of Butanone

The mass spectrum of 3-hydroxybutanone (3-hydroxybutan-2-one, 'acetoin')

The mass spectrum of Benzaldehyde

H-1 NMR spectra of ALDEHYDES & KETONES

The H-1 NMR spectrum of ethanal (acetaldehyde)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of Propanal (propionaldehyde)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of 2-methylpropanal (methylpropanal, isobutyraldehyde)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of Propanone (acetone)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of Butanal

The H-1 NMR spectrum of Butanone

The H-1 spectrum of 3-hydroxybutanone (3-hydroxybutan-2-one, 'acetoin')

The H-1 NMR spectrum of Benzaldehyde

C-13 NMR spectra of ALDEHYDES & KETONES

The C-13 NMR spectrum of ethanal (acetaldehyde)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of Propanal (propionaldehyde)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of 2-methylpropanal (methylpropanal, isobutyraldehyde)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of Propanone (acetone)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of Butanal

The C-13 NMR spectrum of Butanone

The C-13 spectrum of 3-hydroxybutanone (3-hydroxybutan-2-one, 'acetoin')

The C-13 NMR spectrum of Benzaldehyde


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