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Advanced level organic chemistry PART 14.7: Structural isomers of molecular formula C4H10

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Doc Brown's Advanced Chemistry: Part 14.7

Structural chain isomers of molecular formula C4H10

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See also Examples of the effects of isomerism on the similarity or difference in the physical and chemical properties of structural isomers

The 2 alkane structural carbon chain isomers of molecular formula C4H10 (Mr = 58)

Examples of carbon chain isomerism

(1) isomers of C4H10 structural formula skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b or isomers of C4H10 structural formula butane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b are abbreviated structural formulae for butane

 The skeletal formula is isomers of C4H10 structural formula butane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b , full displayed formula (ignoring bond angles!) is  isomers of C4H10 carbon chain structural isomerism displayed formula butane molecular structure and naming of alkanes nomenclature

(2) isomers of C4H10 structural formula skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b or isomers of C4H10 structural formula displayed formula methylpropane 2-methylpropane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b are the abbreviated structural formula for methylpropane

and the skeletal formula is methylpropane 2-methylpropane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b

This is the first instant of the existence of structural isomers, (carbon chain isomers), for an alkane molecular formula with different carbon chain arrangements, this is NOT possible with methane, ethane or propane.


Associated links

Comparison of the ir, mass, 1H and 13C NMR spectra of the isomers of C4H10 (via a 1H NMR spectrum page)

Index of sets of isomers for a given molecular formula

The molecular structure and naming of ALKANES

Index of revision notes on the chemistry of ALKANES and the petrochemical industry

Isomerism: introduction, structural isomerism - chain, positional, functional group, tautomerism

Stereoisomerism: introduction, definition, priority rules, E/Z isomerism (cis/trans isomerism)

Stereoisomerism - R/S isomerism (optical isomerism) - definition - examples explained

index for all isomerism pages

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