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Advanced Level Organic Chemistry: INDEX of all carboxylic acids and derivatives notes

Part 6. The Chemistry of  Carboxylic Acids and their Derivatives

Doc Brown's Chemistry Advanced Level Pre-University Chemistry Revision Study Notes for UK KS5 A/AS GCE IB advanced level organic chemistry students US K12 grade 11 grade 12 organic chemistry physical and chemical properties of carboxylic acids and derivatives principal reactions products mechanisms

INDEX of Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives Notes

6.1 Structure and naming of carboxylic acids and derivatives, esters, amides, acid chlorides/anhydrides etc.

6.2 The physical properties of carboxylic acids - trends discussed and explained (mpts, bpts, solubility, odours!)

6.3 Synthetic routes & methods of preparing carboxylic acids

6.4 The weakly acidic nature and general reactions of carboxylic acids acting as acids - carboxylate salts

6.5 Reduction of carboxylic acids - use of products in organic synthesis, and a unique oxidation!

6.6 The chlorination/bromination of aliphatic/aromatic carboxylic acids, use of products in organic synthesis

6.7A Susceptibility of carboxylic acid derivatives to nucleophilic attack, relative reactivity, preparation and reactions of acid chlorides with water, alcohols/phenols, ammonia, amines & nucleophilic addition-elimination mechanisms

6.7B Preparation and reactions of acid/acyl anhydrides, nucleophilic addition-elimination reactions, making aspirin

6.8 Esters - preparation, reactions including hydrolysis and transesterification, uses

6.9 Natural esters - triglyceride fats and oils, manufacture of margarine and biodiesel

6.10 The manufacture, molecular structure, properties and uses of polyesters

6.11 Amides - molecular structure, physical properties, preparations and reactions, brief mention of polyamides

6.12 Nitriles - molecular structure, preparations and reactions

6.13 Amino acids - molecular structure, preparation and reactions - two functional group chemistries, polypeptide formation and hydrolysis and chromatographic analysis

see also Part 8.8 LINKS to all my notes on amino acids, peptides, polypeptides and types of proteins

6.14 More on the uses of carboxylic acids and derivatives and their occurrence in nature

6.15 Qualitative tests for carboxylic acids and derivatives and a comparison of the acidity of alcohols, phenols and carboxylic acids and quantitative titration of carboxylic acids)

See also Part 15 Organic Chemistry Spectroscopy - examples of IR, mass, H-1 NMR and C-13 NMR spectra

and links below to spectra of specific carboxylic acids and their derivatives

Abbreviations used: mpt = melting point;  bpt = boiling point; dec = thermally decomposes, na = not applicable



General structured formula for carboxylic acids and derivatives doc brown's advanced organic chemistry revision notes


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* THE SPECTRA OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS *

Infrared spectra of carboxylic acids & derivatives

The infrared spectra of isomers of molecular formula C2H4O2

The infrared spectrum of Ethanoic acid (acetic acid)

The infrared spectrum of methyl methanoate (methyl formate)

The infrared spectra of isomers of molecular formula C3H6O2

The infrared spectrum of propanoic acid (propionic acid)

The infrared spectrum of methyl ethanoate (methyl acetate)

The infrared spectrum of ethyl methanoate (ethyl formate)

The infrared spectra of isomers of molecular formula C4H8O2

The infrared spectrum of butanoic acid (butyric acid)

The infrared spectrum of 2-methylpropanic acid (isobutyric acid)

The infrared spectrum of methyl propanoate (methyl propionate)

The infrared spectrum of Ethyl ethanoate (ethyl acetate)

The infrared spectrum of propyl methanoate (propyl formate)

The infrared spectrum of 1-methylethyl methanoate, (propan-2-yl methanoate) (isopropyl formate)

The infrared spectra of other carboxylic acids and derivatives

The infrared spectrum of benzoic acid

The infrared spectrum of propanamide

Mass spectra of carboxylic acids & derivatives

The mass spectra of isomers of molecular formula C2H4O2

The mass spectrum of Ethanoic acid (acetic acid)

The mass spectrum of methyl methanoate (methyl formate)

The mass spectra of isomers of molecular formula C3H6O2

The mass spectrum of propanoic acid (propionic acid)

The mass spectrum of methyl ethanoate (methyl acetate)

The mass spectrum of ethyl methanoate (ethyl formate)

The mass spectra of isomers of molecular formula C4H8O2

The mass spectrum of butanoic acid (butyric acid)

The mass spectrum of 2-methylpropanic acid (isobutyric acid)

The mass spectrum of methyl propanoate (methyl propionate)

The mass spectrum of Ethyl ethanoate (ethyl acetate)

The mass spectrum of propyl methanoate (propyl formate)

The mass spectrum of 1-methylethyl methanoate, (propan-2-yl methanoate) (isopropyl formate)

The mass spectra of other carboxylic acids and derivatives

The mass spectrum of benzoic acid

The mass spectrum of propanamide (propionamide)

H-1 NMR spectra of carboxylic acids & derivatives

The H-1 NMR spectra of isomers of molecular formula C2H4O2

The H-1 NMR spectrum of Ethanoic acid (acetic acid)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of methyl methanoate (methyl formate)

The H-1 NMR spectra of isomers of molecular formula C3H6O2

The H-1 NMR spectrum of propanoic acid (propionic acid)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of methyl ethanoate (methyl acetate)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of ethyl methanoate (ethyl formate)

The H-1 NMR spectra of isomers of molecular formula C4H8O2

The H-1 NMR spectrum of butanoic acid (butyric acid)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of 2-methylpropanic acid (isobutyric acid)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of methyl propanoate (methyl propionate)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of Ethyl ethanoate (ethyl acetate)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of propyl methanoate (propyl formate)

The H-1 NMR spectrum of 1-methylethyl methanoate, (propan-2-yl methanoate) (isopropyl formate)

The infrared spectra of other carboxylic acids and derivatives

The H-1 NMR spectrum of benzoic acid

The H-1 NMR spectrum of propanamide (propionamide)

C-13 NMR spectra carboxylic acids & derivatives

The C-13 NMR spectra of isomers of molecular formula C2H4O2

The C-13 NMR spectrum of Ethanoic acid (acetic acid)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of methyl methanoate (methyl formate)

The C-13 NMR spectra of isomers of molecular formula C3H6O2

The C-13 NMR spectrum of propanoic acid (propionic acid)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of methyl ethanoate (methyl acetate)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of ethyl methanoate (ethyl formate)

The C-13 NMR spectra of isomers of molecular formula C4H8O2

The C-13 NMR spectrum of butanoic acid (butyric acid)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of 2-methylpropanic acid (isobutyric acid)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of methyl propanoate (methyl propionate)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of Ethyl ethanoate (ethyl acetate)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of propyl methanoate (propyl formate)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of 1-methylethyl methanoate, (propan-2-yl methanoate) (isopropyl formate)

The C13 NMR spectra of other carboxylic acids and derivatives

The C-13 NMR spectrum of benzoic acid

The C-13 NMR spectrum of propanamide (propionamide


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