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Advanced level organic chemistry PART 14.7: Structural isomers of molecular formula C5H10O2

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Doc Brown's Advanced Chemistry: Part 14.7

Structural isomers of molecular formula C5H10O2

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See also Examples of the effects of isomerism on the similarity or difference in the physical and chemical properties of structural isomers

and Examples of comparing the physical and chemical properties of R/S (optical) isomers (enantiomers)

The 10 aliphatic carboxylic acid and ester structural isomers of molecular formula C5H10O2 (Mr = 102)

There are four isomeric carboxylic acids (1) to (4) and six isomeric esters (5) to (10)

(1) pentanoic acid , isomers of C5H10O2  structural formula , isomers of C5H10O2  structural formula , isomers of C5H10O2  structural formula

(2) 2-methylbutanoic acid , isomers of C5H10O2  structural formula , isomers of C5H10O2  structural formula

this molecule will exhibit R/S stereoisomerism, optical isomers - enantiomers

(3) 3-methylbutanoic acid , isomers of C5H10O2  structural formula , isomers of C5H10O2  structural formula

(4) 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid (CH3)3CCOOH

(5) methyl butanoate (methyl butyrate), isomers of C5H10O2  structural formula , isomers of C5H10O2  structural formula , isomers of C5H10O2  structural formula

(6) ethyl propanoate, isomers of C5H10O2  structural formula, isomers of C5H10O2  structural formula , isomers of C5H10O2  structural formula

(7) propyl ethanoate , isomers of C5H10O2  structural formula ,isomers of C5H10O2  structural formula , isomers of C5H10O2  structural formula

(8) butyl methanoate, HCOOCH2CH2CH2CH3

(9) 1-methylethyl ethanoate,  CH3COOCH(CH3)2   derived from ethanoic acid and propan-2-ol

(10) methyl 2-methylpropanoate,  (CH3)2CHCOOCH3

There are also hydroxy-aldehydes, hydroxy-ketones and enols (enol-diols) with a C5H10O2 molecular formula


Associated links

Index of sets of isomers for a given molecular formula

The molecular structure and naming of CARBOXYLIC ACIDS and DERIVATIVES, including isomers

INDEX of ALL revision notes on the chemistry of CARBOXYLIC ACIDS and DERIVATIVES

Isomerism: introduction, structural isomerism - chain, positional, functional group, tautomerism

Stereoisomerism: introduction, definition, priority rules, E/Z isomerism (cis/trans isomerism)

Stereoisomerism - R/S isomerism (optical isomerism) - definition - examples explained

index for all isomerism pages

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