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Advanced level organic chemistry PART 14.7: Structural isomers of molecular formula C4H8O2

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Doc Brown's Advanced Chemistry: Part 14.7

Structural functional group isomers of molecular formula C4H8O2

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See also Examples of the effects of isomerism on the similarity or difference in the physical and chemical properties of structural isomers

and Examples of comparing the physical and chemical properties of R/S (optical) isomers (enantiomers)

The 6 aliphatic carboxylic acid and ester structural isomers of molecular formula C4H8O2 (Mr = 88)

There are two isomeric carboxylic acids (1) to (2) and four isomeric esters (3) to (6).

(1) butanoic acid (butyric acid), isomers of C4H8O2 structural formula , isomers of C4H8O2 structural formula , isomers of C4H8O2 structural formula

(2) 2-methylpropanoic acid (isobutyric acid), isomers of C4H8O2 structural formula , isomers of C4H8O2 structural formula , isomers of C4H8O2 structural formula

(3) methyl propanoate (methyl propionate), isomers of C4H8O2 structural formula , isomers of C4H8O2 structural formula , isomers of C4H8O2 structural formula

(4) ethyl ethanoate (ethyl acetate), isomers of C4H8O2 structural formula , isomers of C4H8O2 structural formula , isomers of C4H8O2 structural formula , isomers of C4H8O2 structural formula

(5) propyl methanoate, abbreviated structural formulae isomers of C4H8O2 structural formula

structured formula isomers of C4H8O2 structural formula , skeletal formula isomers of C4H8O2 structural formula

(6) 1-methylethyl methanoate HCOOCH(CH3)2  derived from methanoic acid and propan-2-ol

There are also hydroxy-aldehydes, hydroxy-ketones and enols (enol-diols) with a C4H8O2 molecular formula


Associated links

Index of sets of isomers for a given molecular formula

The molecular structure and naming of CARBOXYLIC ACIDS and DERIVATIVES, including isomers

INDEX of ALL revision notes on the chemistry of CARBOXYLIC ACIDS and DERIVATIVES

Isomerism: introduction, structural isomerism - chain, positional, functional group, tautomerism

Stereoisomerism: introduction, definition, priority rules, E/Z isomerism (cis/trans isomerism)

Stereoisomerism - R/S isomerism (optical isomerism) - definition - examples explained

index for all isomerism pages

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