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Advanced level organic chemistry PART 14.7: Structural isomers of molecular formula C5H10

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Doc Brown's Advanced Chemistry Part 14.7

Structural chain isomers of molecular formula C5H10

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See also Examples of the effects of isomerism on the similarity or difference in the physical and chemical properties of structural isomers

and Examples of comparing the physical and chemical properties of alkene E/Z isomers

The 9 non-cyclic alkene and cycloalkane structural chain isomers of molecular formula C5H10 (Mr = 70)

Five non-cyclic alkene and four cycloalkane structural isomers, pent-2-ene can also exist as E/Z isomers (an example of stereoisomerism).

There are carbon chain isomers and positional isomers of the C=C double bond.

There are functional group isomers of alkene/cycloalkane and E/Z isomers (cis/trans stereoisomers)

(1) pent-1-ene, CH3CH2CH2CH=CH2, carbon chain isomers of C5H10 pentene alkenes structure and naming (c) doc b, isomers of C5H10 alkenes cycloalkanes  structural formula structure and naming (c) doc b (1-pentene, no E/Z isomers)

(2) pent-2-ene, CH3CH2CH=CHCH3, isomers of C5H10 alkenes cycloalkanes  structural formula structure and naming (c) doc b (2-pentene two E/Z isomers possible)

Z/cis- isomers of C5H10 alkenes cycloalkanes  structural formula structure and naming (c) doc b structural formula Z-pent-2-ene cis pent-2-ene Z-2-pentene cis 2-pentene molecular structure , E/trans- isomers of C5H10 alkenes cycloalkanes  structural formula structure and naming (c) doc b structural formula E-pent-2-ene trans pent-2-ene E-2-pentene trans 2-pentene molecular structure

(3) 2-methylbut-1-ene, isomers of C5H10 alkenes cycloalkanes  structural formula structure and naming (c) doc b , isomers of C5H10 alkenes cycloalkanes  structural formula structure and naming (c) doc b and cannot exhibit E/Z isomerism

(4) 3-methylbut-1-ene, isomers of C5H10 alkenes cycloalkanes  structural formula structure and naming (c) doc b , isomers of C5H10 alkenes cycloalkanes  structural formula structure and naming (c) doc b, isomers of C5H10 alkenes cycloalkanes  structural formula structure and naming (c) doc b , cannot exhibit E/Z isomerism

(5) 2-methylbut-2-ene, isomers of C5H10 alkenes cycloalkanes  structural formula structure and naming (c) doc b , isomers of C5H10 alkenes cycloalkanes  structural formula structure and naming (c) doc b and cannot exhibit E/Z isomerism

(6) cyclopentane, structural formula cyclopentane, C5H10 alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b , cyclopentane, C5H10 skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b

(7) methylcyclobutane,  structural formula methylcyclobutane, C5H10 alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b , methylcyclobutane, C5H10 skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b

(8) 1,1-dimethylcyclopropane, structural formula 1,1-dimethylcyclopropane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b , 1,1-dimethylcyclopropane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b

 

(9) 1,2-dimethylcyclopropane, structural formula 1,2-dimethylcyclopropane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b , 1,2-dimethylcyclopropane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b  E/Z and R/S isomers - complicated - university level


Associated links

Index of sets of isomers for a given molecular formula

The molecular structure and naming of ALKANES

The molecular structure and naming of ALKENES

Index of revision notes on the chemistry of ALKANES and the petrochemical industry

INDEX of ALL revision notes on the chemistry ALKENES including reactions and polymers

Isomerism: introduction, structural isomerism - chain, positional, functional group, tautomerism

Stereoisomerism: introduction, definition, priority rules, E/Z isomerism (cis/trans isomerism)

Stereoisomerism - R/S isomerism (optical isomerism) - definition - examples explained

index for all isomerism pages

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