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Advanced level organic chemistry PART 14.7: Structural isomers of molecular formula C4H8

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Doc Brown's Advanced Chemistry Part 14.7

Structural carbon chain isomers of molecular formula C4H8

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See also Examples of the effects of isomerism on the similarity or difference in the physical and chemical properties of structural isomers

and Examples of comparing the physical and chemical properties of alkene E/Z isomers

The 5 non-cyclic alkene and cycloalkane structural isomers of molecular formula C4H8 (Mr = 56)

Three non-cyclic alkene and two cycloalkane structural isomers, but-2-ene can also exist as E/Z isomers (an example of stereoisomerism).

There are carbon chain isomers and positional isomers of the C=C double bond.

There are functional group isomers of alkene/cycloalkane and E/Z isomers (cis/trans stereoisomers)

(1) but-1-ene (1-butene),  CH3CH2CH=CH2isomers of C4H8 butene alkenes structure and naming (c) doc b , alkene cannot exhibit E/Z isomerism

(2) structural formula of but-2-ene (2-butene) E/Z cis/trans isomers of C4H8 structural formula structure and naming (c) doc b , but E/Z isomers exist for this molecule

Z-but-2-ene E/Z cis/trans isomers of C4H8 structural formula structure and naming (c) doc b or E/Z cis/trans isomers of C4H8 structural formula structure and naming (c) doc b is Z-but-2-ene, (cis-2-butene, cis-but-2-ene) and  E/Z cis/trans isomers of C4H8 structural formula structure and naming (c) doc b or E/Z cis/trans isomers of C4H8 structural formula structure and naming (c) doc b is E-but-2-ene, (trans-2-butene, trans-but-2-ene), a case of stereoisomerism.

(3) methylpropene or 2-methylpropene, but 2- is not really needed here,  E/Z cis/trans isomers of C4H8 structural formula structure and naming (c) doc b, E/Z cis/trans isomers of C4H8 structural formula structure and naming (c) doc b

and the skeletal formula is skeletal formula of methylpropene 2-methylpropene advanced organic chemistry and methylpropene cannot exhibit E/Z isomerism

(4) cyclobutane , structural formula cyclobutane, C4H8 alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b, cyclobutane, C4H8 skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b

(5) methylcyclopropane,  structural formula methylcyclopropane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b, methylcyclopropane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b


Associated links

Index of sets of isomers for a given molecular formula

The molecular structure and naming of ALKANES

The molecular structure and naming of ALKENES

Index of revision notes on the chemistry of ALKANES and the petrochemical industry

INDEX of ALL revision notes on the chemistry ALKENES including reactions and polymers

Isomerism: introduction, structural isomerism - chain, positional, functional group, tautomerism

Stereoisomerism: introduction, definition, priority rules, E/Z isomerism (cis/trans isomerism)

Stereoisomerism - R/S isomerism (optical isomerism) - definition - examples explained

index for all isomerism pages

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Keywords or phrases: how many isomers are there of molecular formula C4H8? how do you name the isomers of molecular formula C4H8? what is the molecular structure of the isomers of C4H8, what type of isomerism is exhibited by molecules of formula C4H8, how do you work out the isomers of molecular formula C4H8, what are the structural isomers of C4H8, the carbon chain isomers of C4H8 in the homologous series of alkanes, comparing the spectra of isomers of molecular formula C4H8 how many structural isomers of C4H8 can you draw? how many structural isomers does C4H8 have? what are the possible isomers of C4H8? revision notes on isomerism of C4H8 molecules E/Z isomers cis trans stereoisomers of C4H8, isomers of C4H8 of molecular mass 56

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