A Level Organic Chemistry: Reaction mechanisms - aromatic electrophilic sulfonation
AQA Advanced A level Chemistry Edexcel Advanced A level Chemistry OCR Advanced A level Chemistry A OCR Salters Advanced A level Chemistry B
Revising Advanced Organic Chemistry Doc Brown's GCE Chemistry
Revision Notes PART 10 Summary of organic reaction mechanisms - A mechanistic introduction to organic chemistry and explanations of different types of organic reactions
Part 10.8 Aromatic Hydrocarbons - Arenes - Electrophilic substitution reactions - SULFONATION
Part 10.8 AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS (ARENES) - introduction to arene electrophilic substitutions. Sulfonation/sulfonation to give a sulfonic/sulfonic acid like benzenesulfonic acid/benzenesulfonic acid, The orientation of products in aromatic substitution (1,2-; 1,3-; and 1,4- positions for two substituents in the benzene ring, old names - ortho/meta/para substitution products). The revision notes include full diagrams and explanation of the mechanisms and the 'molecular' equation and reaction conditions and other con-current reaction pathways and products are also explained for the reaction mechanisms of aromatic hydrocarbons like benzene and methylbenzene.
Part 10.8 AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS (Arenes)
10.8.1 Introduction to the reactivity of aromatic compounds
e.g. the arenes benzene and methyl benzene
Why do aromatic hydrocarbon molecules primarily react via electrophilic substitution reaction?
10.8.6 The electrophilic substitution of an arene - sulfonation mechanism
The organic synthesis of sulfonic/sulfonic acids by reaction of benzene/methylbenzene with conc. sulfuric/sulfuric acid
mechanism 25 - electrophilic substitution by a sulfonate group in the benzene ring
10.8.7 The orientation of products in aromatic electrophilic substitution reactions
keywords phrases: reaction conditions formula intermediates organic chemistry reaction mechanisms electrophilic substitution benzene methylbenzene C6H6 + SO3 ==> C6H5SO2OH or C6H6 + H2SO4 ==> C6H5SO2OH + H2O R = CH3, benzene: C6H5CH3 + H2SO4 ==> CH3C6H4SO2OH + H2O sulfonation reaction is the substitution of -H by -SO2OH Sulfonation
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