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Advanced level organic chemistry PART 14.7: Structural isomers of molecular formula C10H22

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Doc Brown's Advanced Chemistry: Part 14.7

Structural carbon chain isomers of molecular formula C10H22

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See also Examples of the effects of isomerism on the similarity or difference in the physical and chemical properties of structural isomers

Examples of the 75 alkane carbon chain structural isomers of molecular formula C10H22 (Mr = 142)

Examples of carbon chain isomerism

Some of the structural isomers also exhibit R/S (optical isomerism) as well as carbon chain isomers

decane, CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3  or  CH3(CH2)8CH3

2-methylnonane, CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH(CH3)2

3-methylnonane, CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH(CH3)CH2CH3  (R/S isomers, 3rd C is chiral)

4-methylnonane, CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH(CH3)CH2CH2CH3  (R/S isomers, 4th C is chiral)

5-methylnonane, CH3CH2CH2CH2CH(CH3)CH2CH2CH2CH3

There are lots of highly branched structural isomers of C10H22 e.g.

3-ethyl-2,2-dimethylhexane , isomers of C10H22 structural formula 3-ethyl-2,2-dimethylhexane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b , 3-ethyl-2,2-dimethylhexane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b   (R/S isomers)

3-ethyl-2,3-dimethylhexane , isomers of C10H22 structural formula 3-ethyl-2,3-dimethylhexane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b , 3-ethyl-2,3-dimethylhexane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b   (R/S isomers)

3-ethyl-2,5-dimethylhexane , isomers of C10H22 structural formula 3-ethyl-2,5-dimethylhexane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b , 3-ethyl-2,5-dimethylhexane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b  (R/S isomers)

3-ethyl-2,4-dimethylhexane , isomers of C10H22 structural formula 3-ethyl-2,4-dimethylhexane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b , 3-ethyl-2,4-dimethylhexane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b  (R/S isomers)

4-ethyl-2,2-dimethylhexane , isomers of C10H22 structural formula 4-ethyl-2,2-dimethylhexane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b , 4-ethyl-2,2-dimethylhexane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b

4-ethyl-2,3-dimethylhexane , isomers of C10H22 structural formula 4-ethyl-2,3-dimethylhexane alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b , 4-ethyl-2,3-dimethylhexane skeletal formula alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b  (R/S isomers)

4-ethyl-3,3-dimethylhexane , isomers of C10H22 structural formula 4-ethyl-3,3-dimethylhexane  alkanes molecular structure naming (c) doc b

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