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HOMEPAGE Yorkshire Dales, North Pennines and parts of Cumbria Scenes27d. Newbiggin-on-Lune and the Smardale National Nature Reserve Walk along the disused railway track bed and the wonderful Smardale railway viaduct

(Stayed at the very good Tranna Hill B&B)

Walks, Notes and Scenes from Yorkshire Dales National Park, North Yorkshire, the North Pennines and parts of East Cumbria

Yorkshire Dales & North Pennines Index

This is a wonderful circular wild flower nature walk, through Smardale, returning over Smardale Demesne, and includes the disused (but not by walkers) Smardale Railway Viaduct, another of those great Victorian railway engineering achievements!

Smardale Gill Nature Reserve Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England  Smardale Gill Nature Reserve Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

A walk through Smardale Gill Nature Reserve

* Doc Brown's Science Website biology chemistry physics *

start of our walk from above Tranna Hill Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

The start of our walk along the old railway track bed from above Tranna Hill, Newbiggin-on-Lune

 

lots of wild flowers on the old railway embankments Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

All the way along into Smardale there are lots of wild flowers on the old railway embankments.

 

 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

 

 

 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

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 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

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 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

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Looking south down to Smardale Bridge, with the Howgills in the distance Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

Looking south down to Smardale Bridge, with the Howgills in the distance.

 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

 

 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England  Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

An old farm track bridge over the disused railway.

 

 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

The disused Smardale Quarry limekilns

disused Smardale Quarry limekilns Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

 

 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

 

disused Smardale limestone quarry Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

The disused Smardale limestone quarry

 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

 

 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

 

shadows of the arches of Smardale railway viaduct. Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

The shadows of the arches of Smardale railway viaduct.

 

view south down Smardale from the railway viaduct - now accessible to walkers Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

The view south down Smardale from the railway viaduct - now accessible to walkers.

 

 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

 

 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

 

 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

 

 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

The full view of Smardale Railway viaduct - all 14 arches, completed in 1861 to carry the tracks over steep-sided Smardale Gill.

full view of Smardale Railway viaduct - all 14 arches Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

 

 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England  Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

Passing under the Carlisle-Settle railway line

  Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England  Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

 

Looking north from near Smardale Village Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

Looking north from near Smardale Village.

 

 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

Smardale Hall, front and back! and round back under the Carlisle-Settle line again to head south to Smardale Demesne

 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England  Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

 

 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

Looking north from the Smardale Demesne

 

Looking back down to Smardale Hall from Smardale Desmene Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

Looking back north down to Smardale Hall from Smardale Demesne

 

 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

 

heep and dry limestone walling on the pastures of the Smardale Desmene Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

Sheep and dry limestone walling on the pastures of the Smardale Demesne.

 

disused limestone quarry we passed through walking north through the Smardale Gill Nature Reserve. Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

Looking across Smardale to the disused limestone quarry we passed through walking north through the Smardale Gill Nature Reserve.

 

Distant view along Smardale Gill to the railway viaduct Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

Distant view along Smardale Gill to the railway viaduct.

 

medieval packhorse Smardale bridge note the medieval cultivation terraces (lynchets) Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England  Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

The medieval packhorse Smardale bridge note the medieval cultivation terraces (lynchets) beyond.

 

A barn with quite a fancy stone lined entrance near Friar's Bottom, Badger Hill, Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England  Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

A barn with quite a fancy stone lined entrance near Friar's Bottom, Badger Hill, just to the east of Newbiggin-on-Lune

 

 Tranna Hill B&B

A nice old farmhouse, a friendly cheery host, interesting garden, views of the Howgills hills, very comfortable room and a great breakfast, what more do you want on a walking holiday! Main meals are available in Ravenstonedale!

Tranna Hill B&B house Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England Tranna Hill B&B garden Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England
Tranna Hill B&B views of the Howgills Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England  Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England
 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England  Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England
Views from the windows of Tranna Hill B&B Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England  Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

 Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England  Newbiggin-on-Lune Smardale Nature Reserve Walk, Cumbria, England

A rather nice small garden between Tranna Hill B&B and the start of the Smardale nature reserve walk along the old railway track.


"Phil Brown's docspics take on Newbiggin-on-Lune and Smardale Nature Walk"


Notes from Wikipedia

NEWBIGGIN-ON-LUNE
Newbiggin-on-Lune is a village in the Eden district of Cumbria, England. Historically in Westmorland it is about 4 miles (6.4 km) south west of Kirkby Stephen, and lies on the main A685 route from Brough to Tebay. Nearby to the north is located the Smardale Gill Viaduct on the dismantled former South Durham & Lancashire Union Railway between Tebay and Kirkby Stephen East railway station. To the south lies the Howgill Fells including Green Bell 1,985 feet (605 metres).

SMARDALE NATURE RESERVE WALK and SMARDALE RAILWAY VIADUCT
Geography and history

The village of Smardale lies in hilly agricultural land at a height of around 220 m (720 ft) 1.1 miles (1.75 km) southeast of Crosby Garrett and 2.2 miles (3.5 km) west of Kirkby Stephen. To the south is Smardale fell whilst a boundary is formed to the west by Scandal Beck which flows from Smardalegill, a narrow valley to the southwest.

The name Smaredale may derive from smere, an ancient name for clover, or from the old Norse or old English for butter/fat/grease[3] giving either valley of butter or valley of clover.

Chapel well, a Holy well, is found west of Scandal Beck where it once stood within Smardale church. There are also other signs of ancient human activity: the archaeological remains of settlements are found on Smardale fell, and around Smardalegill, pillow mounds, known locally as 'Giant's graves' which are thought by some to be for drying bracken, and not for rabbits. Oxenbrow wood, to the north of Smardale village is the site of a Heronry.
Smardale Hall

There has been a substantial dwelling in Smardale since at least the 14th century; a tower house, a remnant of which, a newel, now forms part of the structure of the south eastern part of the current house.

The current buildings date from 15th and 16th centuries; being originally built on a courtyard plan with the tower incorporated into an east wing, now demolished. The southern part of the hall (now farm buildings) was the original great hall. Sir George Dalston, the castles occupant from 1761 made considerable alterations to the structure. The west wing, which is the current hall is unusual in having four conically roofed round towers at the corners of the structure, giving the structure an appearance similar to the Scottish baronial style of architecture.

The hall and associated buildings are Grade II* listed structures (since 1968). There is evidence for an earlier fortified structure from a motte and ditch discovered north of the hall.


Smardale Gill

Smardalegill is a small steep-sided valley connecting Smardale and the valley of the River Eden with the eastern end of the valley of the River Lune. Scandal Beck runs north-northeast through it, as does the former Stainmore Railway.

Smardale Gill quarry was a large limestone quarry on the west side of Smardale Gill. Lime was produced on site at two limekilns with raw materials brought to the top of the kilns using an inclined plane and a stationary engine. A railway siding on the Stainmore line next to the kilns allowed lime to be carried away by rail. The limekilns and evidence of the engine house and inclined plane are extant.

Smardale Gill nature reserve is a national nature reserve (NNR) and Site of Special Scientific Interest managed by the Cumbria Wildlife Trust. Land in Smardale Gill was first acquired in 1978. Later in 1991 the reserve acquired the trackbed of the former Stainmore railway from Smardale to Brownber from British Rail. The site contains both woodland and grassland habitats and is a good example of a limestone habitat.

At the south end of the valley on the border with Ravenstonedale civil parish is the 18th-century arched stone packhorse bridge known as Smardale bridge, now a Grade II listed structure.

There is a small disused sandstone quarry at the south of the gill.
Railways

Two railway lines ran through Smardale and past the village. The Stainmore Railway passed Smardale on the northern edge of the village, where there was a small halt, Smardale railway station (now a private dwelling). Going westwards it then crossed under the Settle to Carlisle railway line just east of Scandal Beck before curving south through Smardalegill along the east bank. Within Smardalegill the line crosses the beck at a shallow angle by Smardalegill Viaduct. The Settle to Carlisle railway line passes Smardale village to the south, travelling east–west; to the west the line crosses Scandal Beck by Smardale Viaduct.
Smardale Gill Viaduct's has a restored upper deck for use by walkers

Smardale Gill Viaduct predates Smardale Viaduct, being complete in 1861. The viaduct was designed by Sir Thomas Bouch for the South Durham and Lancashire Union Railway and the construction contracted to Mr Wrigg, costing £11,928 to build. The bridge, which was built of local stone has 14 arches, and is 90 ft (27 m) high and 550 ft (170 m) long. The line across it remained single tracked despite the structure being wide enough for a double line.

After the line closed in 1962 the viaduct fell into disrepair, by the 1980s the structure had become dangerous and was to be demolished. Instead the viaduct became a listed building, and British Rail offered £230,000 (the estimated cost of demolition) towards its restoration. A charitable trust, the Northern Viaduct Trust was formed in 1989. The cost of repairs was £350,000 which included masonry repair, a new deck and waterproofing, and structural work to the viaduct. In 1992 the restoration was complete, the viaduct being subsequently used for pedestrian access to Smardale Gill nature reserve.[20][23]

In 2010 after a harsh winter it was found that the viaduct had frost damage and required a further £30,000 of repairs.

Smardale Viaduct was built by the contractors Benton & Woodiwiss for the Settle to Carlisle Line of the Midland Railway. The viaduct is 710 ft (220 m) long and 130 ft (40 m) high, the highest on the line. Over 60,000 long tons (61,000 t) of stone was used in its construction. Local limestone was used for its construction, the arch quoins were of millstone grit. Two of the twelve piers – the fourth and the tenth are of considerably heavier construction. The bridge opened in August 1875 having taken five years to construct, it crosses both Scandal Beck and the former Stainmore railway line.
 


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YORKSHIRE DALES and North Pennines scenes and notes THE WENSLEYDALE RAILWAY North Yorkshire LAKE DISTRICT PICTURES of England's Northern Lakeland WEST YORKSHIRE Scenes Notes YORK Scenes and Notes CLEVELAND, North East England, Scenes & Notes SCOTLAND - SCOTTISH Scenes and Notes City of OXFORD Scenes & Notes
Email Docs Pics NORTHUMBRIA, Co. DURHAM and NEWCASTLE Scenes and Notes NORTH YORKSHIRE MOORS RAILWAY SCENES LONDON Scenes and Notes EASTERN ENGLAND & East Anglia Leeds-Settle-Carlisle Railway Trip Steam Train and Locomotive Photographs from the late 60's CAMBRIDGE City England Images & Notes

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