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Advanced Organic Chemistry: Carbon-13 NMR spectrum of ethylamine

Interpreting the Carbon-13 NMR spectrum of ethylamine (ethanamine)

Doc Brown's Chemistry Advanced Level Pre-University Chemistry Revision Study Notes for UK IB KS5 A/AS GCE advanced A level organic chemistry students US K12 grade 11 grade 12 organic chemistry courses involving molecular spectroscopy analysing C-13 NMR spectra of ethylamine

13C nmr spectrum of ethylamine C2H7N CH3CH2NH2 analysis of chemical shifts ppm interpretation of C-13 chemical shifts ppm of ethanamine C13 13-C nmr doc brown's advanced organic chemistry revision notes 

TMS is the acronym for tetramethylsilane, formula Si(CH3)4, whose 13C atoms are arbitrarily given a chemical shift of 0.0 ppm. This is the 'standard' in 13C NMR spectroscopy and all other 13C resonances, called chemical shifts, are measured with respect to the TMS, and depend on the individual (electronic) chemical environment of the 13C atoms in an organic molecule - ethylamine here.

Ethylamine (aminoethane, ethanamine), C2H7N,  (c) doc b, (c) doc b, (c) doc b, (c) doc b

Interpreting the C-13 NMR spectrum of ethylamine

As you can see from the diagram above there are 2 different chemical shift lines in the C-13 NMR spectrum of ethylamine indicating 2 different chemical environments of the 2 carbon atoms of ethylamine.

CH3CH2NH2

(Note the 2 different colours indicating the 2 different chemical environments of the 2 carbon atoms in ethylamine).

13C chemical shifts (a) to (b) on the C-13 NMR spectrum diagram for ethylamine.

The carbon-13 NMR spectra provides direct evidence of 2 different carbon atom environments for the 2 carbon atoms in the ethylamine molecule, deduced from the presence of 2 different 13C NMR chemical shifts (ppm).

Note the decreasing effect on the 13C chemical shift as the carbon atom is further from the more electronegative nitrogen atom in ethylamine.


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