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Advanced Organic Chemistry: 1H NMR spectrum of 2-iodopropane

Interpreting the H-1 hydrogen-1 (proton) NMR spectrum of 2-iodopropane

Doc Brown's Chemistry Advanced Level Pre-University Chemistry Revision Study Notes for UK IB KS5 A/AS GCE advanced A level organic chemistry students US K12 grade 11 grade 12 organic chemistry courses involving molecular spectroscopy analysing H-1 NMR spectra of 2-iodopropane

1H proton nmr spectrum of 2-iodopropane low/high resolution diagrams C3H7I CH3CHICH3 analysis interpretation of chemical shifts ppm spin spin line splitting diagram H1 H-1 nmr for isopropyl iodide explaining spin-spin coupling for line splitting doc brown's advanced organic chemistry revision notes

TMS is the acronym for tetramethylsilane, formula Si(CH3)4, whose protons are arbitrarily given a chemical shift of 0.0 ppm. This is the 'standard' in 1H NMR spectroscopy and all other proton resonances, called chemical shifts, are measured with respect to the TMS, and depend on the individual (electronic) chemical environment of the hydrogen atoms in an organic molecule - 2-iodopropane here.

The chemical shifts quoted in ppm on the diagram of the H-1 NMR spectrum of 2-iodopropane represent the peaks of the intensity of the chemical shifts of (which are often groups of split lines at high resolution) AND the relative integrated areas under the peaks gives you the ratio of protons in the different chemical environments of the 2-iodopropane molecule.

2-iodopropane, C3H7I, CH3CHICH3, CH3-CHI-CH3

Interpreting the H-1 NMR spectrum of 2-iodopropane

In terms of spin-spin coupling from the possible proton magnetic orientations, for 2-iodopropane I have only considered the interactions of non-equivalent protons on adjacent carbon atoms e.g. -CH-CH3 protons.

For relatively simple molecules, the low resolution H-1 NMR spectrum of 2-iodopropane is a good starting point (low resolution diagram above).

The 7 hydrogen atoms (protons) of 2-iodopropane occupy 2 different chemical environments so that the low resolution NMR spectra should show 2 principal peaks of different H-1 NMR chemical shifts (diagram above for 2-iodopropane).

CH3-CHI-CH3

Note the proton ratio 6:1 of the 2 colours of the 7 protons of 2-iodopropane in the 2 chemically different proton environments

Chemical shifts (a) to (b) on the H-1 NMR spectrum diagram for 2-iodopropane.

Although there are 7 hydrogen atoms in the molecule, the proton NMR spectrum shows there are only 2 possible different chemical environments for the hydrogen atoms in 2-iodopropane molecule.

The integrated signal proton ratio 6:1 observed in the high resolution H-1 NMR spectrum, corresponds with the structural formula of 2-iodopropane.

The high resolution 1H NMR spectrum of 2-iodopropane

The high resolution spectra of 2-iodopropane also shows 2 groups of proton resonances and in the 6:1 ratio expected from the structural formula of 2-iodopropane, but we can now consider the splitting of resonance lines from the spin-spin coupling in the molecule of 2-iodopropane.

The ppm quoted on the diagram represent the peak of resonance intensity for a particular proton group in the molecule of 2-iodopropane - since the peak' is at the apex of a band of H-1 NMR resonances due to spin - spin coupling field splitting effects - see high resolution notes on 2-iodopropane below.

So, using the chemical shifts and applying the n+1 rule to 2-iodopropane and make some predictions using some colour coding! (In problem solving you work the other way round!)

1H NMR resonance (a) 1H Chemical shift 1.47 ppm, methyl group protons: CH3-CHI-CH3

This 1H NMR resonance is split into a 1:1 doublet by the CH group proton (n+1 = 2).

Evidence for the presence of a CH group in the molecule of 2-iodopropane

1H NMR resonance (b) 1H Chemical shift 3.80 ppm, CH group proton: CH3-CHI-CH3

This 1H NMR resonance is split into a 1:6:15:20:15:6:1 septet by the CH3 group protons on either side. (n+1 = 7).

Evidence for the presence of a CH3-CHx-CH3 group in the molecule of 2-iodopropane, x can be 2 or 1, as in the case of 2-iodopropane.


Number of directly adjacent protons 1H causing splitting Splitting pattern produced from the n+1 rule on spin-spin coupling and the theoretical ratio of line intensities
0 means no splitting             1            
1 creates a doublet           1   1          
2 creates a triplet         1   2   1        
3 creates a quartet       1   3   3   1      
4 creates a quintet     1   4   6   4   1    
5 creates a sextet   1   5   10   10   5   1  
6 creates a septet 1   6   15   20   15   6   1

Key words & phrases: C3H7I CH3CHICH3 Interpreting the proton H-1 NMR spectra of 2-iodopropane, low resolution & high resolution proton nmr spectra of 2-iodopropane, H-1 nmr spectrum of 2-iodopropane, understanding the hydrogen-1 nmr spectrum of 2-iodopropane, explaining the line splitting patterns from spin-spin coupling  in the high resolution H-1 nmr spectra of 2-iodopropane, revising the H-1 nmr spectrum of 2-iodopropane, proton nmr of 2-iodopropane, ppm chemical shifts of the H-1 nmr spectrum of 2-iodopropane, explaining and analyzing spin spin line splitting in the H-1 nmr spectrum, how to construct the diagram of the H-1 nmr spectrum of 2-iodopropane, how to work out the number of chemically different protons in the structure of the 2-iodopropane organic molecule, how to analyse the chemical shifts in the hydrogen-1 H-1 proton NMR spectrum of 2-iodopropane using the n+1 rule to explain the spin - spin coupling ine splitting in the proton nmr spectrum of 2-iodopropane deducing the nature of the protons from the chemical shifts ppm in the H-1 nmr spectrum of 2-iodopropane examining the 1H nmr spectrum of  2-iodopropane analysing the 1-H nmr spectrum of 2-iodopropane how do you sketch and interpret the H-1 NMR spectrum of 2-iodopropane interpreting interpretation of the 1H proton spin-spin coupling causing line splitting in the NMR spectrum of 2-iodopropane  assignment of chemical shifts in the proton 1H NMR spectrum of 2-iodopropane formula explaining spin-spin coupling for line splitting for 2-iodopropane isopropyl iodide alkyl halide functional group haloalkane halogenoalkane iodoalkane


Links associated with 2-iodopropane

The chemistry of HALOGENOALKANES (haloalkanes) revision notes INDEX

The infrared spectrum of 2-iodopropane (isopropyl iodide)

The mass spectrum of 2-iodopropane (isopropyl iodide)

The C-13 NMR spectrum of 2-iodopropane (isopropyl iodide)

H-1 proton NMR spectroscopy index  (Please read 8 points at the top of the 1H NMR index page)

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