Fragments of Archaeology and
Glimpses of History in the Landscapes of the North York Moors
industrial archaeological aspects of Castleton
The Castleton quarries are on the moor
top just north of the railway line.
|On one of
the quarry tracks there are some nice fossil ripples from an
ancient sandy beach. The high quality sandstone from the
quarry was transported down to a crushing mill near
Castleton Moor Station. The fine sand was then used for
glass making and furnace linings. You can still see where
one of the trackways-tramways down from the quarry which
transported the stone to the crushing mill e.g. cleft in the
moor edge, an embankment down from this cutting and the
buttresses that once supported it over the track into Danby
Park Wood. Some of the pits from the quarrying are filling
with water and would make a good wildlife reserve?
The mill race starts
about 1 mile (~1.5 km) south of Castleton village and runs north to a
where the medieval manorial (and later) mills were situated, just to the
west of Danby Low Moor (locally referred to as the 'Howe').
The house beyond the
mill pond is the site of the medieval manorial mill and the wheelhouse
of a much later mill can still be seen. The channel from the mill pond
into the wheelhouse can still be seen (right-hand extension of the
This old kiln is
situated north of Box Hall and south-west of White Cross. I'm not sure
whether its a limekiln or a bracken burning kiln.
|If it was
a lime kiln I would expect it to be a lighter colour inside
the 'furnace' chamber? The back walls do look red in places
which indicate it was a bracken kiln. The ash from burning
bracken provided potash fertiliser for the soil - the soil
is of poor quality in these acidic uplands.
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