A GCSE/IGCSE Chemistry word-fill worksheet Quiz on pH, Acids, Bases, Alkalis, Neutralisation and Salts

Site Meter * Do online OR printout, do, return to check answers. * pH, Acids, Bases, Neutralisation and Salts Notes * AQA * CCEA * Edexcel * OCR 21stC * OCR Gateway * WJEC * EMAIL comment?query * updated 09-06-09 *

   7      acidic      alkaline      ammonium      bases      chloride      colour      dissolve      dissolves      filtered      H+      H2O      Hydrogen      indicator      neutral      neutralised      nitric      OH-      oxides      pH      salt      water   
Q1 When a substance dissolves in water it forms an aqueous solution which may be acidic, or neutral. Water itself is . An can be used to show how acidic or alkaline a solution is by the way the changes. The scale is used to show numerically how acidic or alkaline a solution is. If the pH = the solution is neutral, if the pH is over 7 it is and if it is less than 7 it is .

SolBasePrepQ.gifQ2 Compounds of alkali metals called salts can be made by reacting solutions of their hydroxides which are alkaline with acids. In these neutralisation reactions:
acid + alkaline hydroxide solution ==> a neutral solution +

Q3 The particular salt produced in any reaction between an acid and an alkali depends on the acid used and the metal in the alkali. Neutralising hydrochloric acid produces a , acid produces a nitrate and neutralising sulphuric acid makes a sulphate. Ammonia also dissolves in water to produce an solution. This can be neutralised with acids to produce salts. In the salt preparation an indicator can be used to show when acidic and alkaline solutions have been completely to produce a neutral solution.

InsolBasePrepQ.gifQ4 Salts of transition metals, as with some other metals, can be made by reacting their or hydroxides with acids. Transition metal oxides and hydroxides do not in water and are called insoluble . To produce a solution of a soluble transition metal salt, the metal oxide (or hydroxide) is added to an acid until no more will react. The excess metal oxide (or hydroxide) can then be off. The fact that no more tells you all the acid has been .

Q5 For Higher Tier students only
ions H+(aq) make solutions . Hydroxide ions (aq) make solutions . So any substance dissolved in water forming H+ ions is acidic and anything dissolving in water forming ions is an alkali. In neutralisation the ionic reaction is: (aq) + OH-(aq) ==> (l)