INDEX of pages on Oil, its many useful products, environmental problems and an introduction to organic chemistry - Doc Brown's revision notes for GCSE, IGCSE, O Level, KS4 science-chemistry courses

KS4 Science GCSE/IGCSE/O level Chemistry

The organic chemistry of carbon compounds is so important that it forms a separate branch of chemistry. A huge variety of carbon compounds is possible because carbon atoms can form stable chains and rings linked by C-C bonds and bonding with atoms such as nitrogen and oxygen. Organic chemistry gets its name from the fact that the main sources of organic compounds are living, or once-living materials from plants and animals. Fossil fuels which are a major source of feedstock for the petrochemical industry in which chemists are able to take organic molecules and modify them in many ways to make new and useful materials such as polymers, pharmaceuticals, perfumes and flavourings, dyes, detergents and many other products we take for granted. These revision notes should prove useful for the new AQA GCSE chemistry, Edexcel GCSE chemistry & OCR GCSE chemistry (Gateway & 21st Century) GCSE (91), (9-5) & (5-1) science courses.

Index of Oil & Organic Chemistry Pages

1. (c) doc b FOSSIL FUELS, coal, oil & natural gas and the Carbon Cycle

2. (c) doc b Fractional distillation of crude OIL & uses of fractions, a good fuel?

3. (c) doc b ALKANES - saturated hydrocarbons, combustion, reaction with chlorine

4. (c) doc b POLLUTION, carbon monoxide, sulfur/nitrogen oxides, acid rain,

greenhouse effect, global warming, climate change, carbon footprint

5. (c) doc b ALKENES - unsaturated hydrocarbons - reaction with bromine & hydrogen

6. (c) doc b CRACKING - a problem of supply and demand, other products

7. (c) doc b POLYMERS, plastics, poly(ethene), poly(propene), uses, problems, recycling

8. (c) doc b Why so many series of organic compounds? - homologous series

9a. (c) doc b Alcohols, Ethanol, manufacture, physical properties and chemical reactions

AND 9b. (c) doc b Biofuels & alternative fuels, hydrogen, biogas, biodiesel

10a. (c) doc b Carboxylic acids - chemistry and uses

AND 10b. (c) doc b Esters, chemistry and uses including perfumes

11. (c) doc b Condensation polymers, Nylon, Terylene, comparing thermoplastics, fibres, thermosets

12. (c) doc b Natural Molecules - carbohydrates - sugars - starch

13. (c) doc b Amino acids, proteins, enzymes & chromatography

14. (c) doc b Natural vegetable oils, fats, margarine, emulsions and soaps

15. (c) doc b Vitamins, drugs, medicines, E numbers, food additives, cooking chemistry!

16. (c) doc b Ozone depletion, CFC's and free radicals O3

ALL my advanced Level Organic Chemistry revision notes

Some sections of material science that may overlap with organic chemistry


Part 1. General introduction to nanoscience and commonly used terms explained

Part 2. NANOCHEMISTRY - an introduction and potential applications

Part 3. Uses of Nanoparticles of titanium(IV) oxide, fat and silver

Part 4. From fullerenes & bucky balls to carbon nanotubes

Part 5. Graphene and Fluorographene

Part 6. Cubic and hexagonal boron nitride BN

Part 7. Problems, issues and implications associated with using nanomaterials


Part 1 CHROMOGENIC MATERIALS - Thermochromic, Photochromic & Electrochromic Materials

Part 2 SHAPE MEMORY ALLOYS e.g. Nitinol & Magnetic Shape Memory Alloys

Part 3 SHAPE MEMORY POLYMERS, pH and temperature sensitive-responsive polymers, Self-healing materials


Part 5 High performance polymers like KEVLAR




A warning! Most of the chemistry described on these pages, as well as most developed national economies, is based on crude oil at the moment, and, will no doubt to continue to do so for some time - but NOT FOREVER. Unfortunately oil won't last forever and much of our 'oil based economy' is not sustainable in the future and the potential dangers to the planet from 'climate change' i.e. the global warming from the 'Greenhouse Effect' aided by fossil fuel burning also make uncomfortable thinking. As the world population increases, oil based agriculture is not going to be able to feed everyone. Food production uses huge amounts of energy in the production of artificial-synthetic fertilisers, transportation and machinery on farms. Therefore, one would hope that more 'green sustainable' economic systems will be developed including alternative energy supplies not based on fossil fuels and major changes in agricultural practices to be much less reliant on 'oil' and 'greener' methodology in the chemical industry itself. It is fair to point out that crude oil is an extremely valuable chemical raw material and produces really useful products from smart material plastics to lifesaving drugs and components in many consumer products that are genuinely useful to improving the quality of our lives. therefore burning it is its crudest possible use. In the long-run it should be conserved and used much more sparingly for specific and necessary purposes.


Multiple Choice Quizzes and Worksheets

KS4 Science GCSE/IGCSE m/c QUIZ on Oil Products (easier-foundation-level)

KS4 Science GCSE/IGCSE m/c QUIZ on Oil Products (harder-higher-level)

KS4 Science GCSE/IGCSE m/c QUIZ on other aspects of Organic Chemistry

and (c) doc b 3 linked easy Oil Products gap-fill quiz worksheets

ALSO gap-fill ('word-fill') exercises originally written for ...

... AQA GCSE Science (c) doc b Useful products from crude oil AND (c) doc b Oil, Hydrocarbons & Cracking etc.

... OCR 21st C GCSE Science (c) doc b Worksheet gap-fill C1.1c Air pollutants etc ...

... Edexcel 360 GCSE Science Crude Oil and its Fractional distillation etc ...

... each set are interlinked, so clicking on one of the above leads to a sequence of several quizzes

Advanced Level Organic Chemistry revision notes

Notes information to help revise KS4 Science Additional Science Triple Award Separate Sciences Chemistry revision notes for GCSE/IGCSE/O level Chemistry Revision-Information Study Notes for revising AQA GCSE Science AQA GCSE Chemistry, Edexcel GCSE Science, Edexcel GCSE Chemistry, OCR 21st Century Science Chemistry, OCR Gateway Science chemistry, WJEC/CBAC GCSE science-chemistry CCEA/CEA GCSE science-chemistry (and courses equal to US grades 8, 9, 10)

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