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32a. Ripon Cathedral, the Town streets

and buildings and a River Walk

Ripon Cathedral is dedicated to St Wilfrid who was educated at Lindisfarne and travelled to Rome in AD 652 and on his return in AD 655 he became Abbot of a Benedictine monastery here.

A new church was built and the crypt you see today is the oldest surviving Saxon crypt in England.

Bede (672-735) the monk historian of Jarrow describes how a little 'mission station' or monastery was built in the heathen village of Rhypum about 655 and how St Wilfrid, its 2nd abbot, enlarged it and built a great church and become a distinguished bishop and statesman in the Kingdom of Northumbria.

This was destroyed by the Danes in the 9th century (except for the famous crypt).

Ripon Cathedral

The south-west tower of Ripon Cathedral. After the Norman Conquest in 1066 Ripon Minster became a collegiate church. This church lasted until the Reformation and in 1547 the College of canons was dissolved. In 1604 King James 1st re-established the canonical Chapter at Ripon and in 1836 the Collegiate Church of Ripon became the Cathedral Church of the new Diocese of Ripon.

On the right, the northwest tower of Ripon Cathedral.

 

An angled view of all three towers of Ripon Cathedral

 

Ripon Cathedral

The impressive west front of Ripon Cathedral with its twin towers. This Early English architecture was commissioned by Walter de Grey, Archbishop of York from 1216-1255.

In the late afternoon winter sunlight splendid view of the magnificent west front of Ripon Cathedral

 

Ripon Cathedral

The great Decorated style east window was built around 1300 - though much restored in Victorian times (1854?).

 

A view of Ripon Cathedral from southeast.

 

 

Ripon Cathedral

Another view of Ripon Cathedral from the south-east.

 

Ripon Cathedral

2nd view from the south-east, south transept, tower and south aisle of the chancel.

 

Ripon Cathedral

The Romanesque style south door in the south transept of Ripon Cathedral.

 

 

 

View of south side of Ripon Cathedral, the buttresses of the south aisle between the west tower and the south transept.

 

Ripon Cathedral

View from the south-west, south aisle of nave, tower and south transept of Ripon Cathedral.

 

Ripon Cathedral

View across the nave from the south aisle to the north aisle of the nave. Note at the end of the nave the earlier 'Romanesque' rounded arch and the later pointed arch across the crossing above the organ.

 

Views looking east down the nave towards the crossing. The nave of Ripon Cathedral dates from the early 16th century and built in Perpendicular style.

Ripon Cathedral

View from the north aisle (began in 1515) across the nave to the south aisle (began in 1502) and in the far left the magnificent asymmetric chancel arch (columns of different height on either side of the arch supports, and beyond the organ, screen and choir entrance.

 

Ripon Cathedral

View due east down the nave of Ripon Cathedral.

 

Ripon Cathedral

A fine bronze sculpture of 'Mother and Child' in Ripon Cathedral.

 

Ripon Cathedral

The crypt below the nave is the surviving remnant of St Wilfrid's Church dating from AD 672.

 

Ripon Cathedral

Another fine bronze sculpture of 'Mother and Child' in Ripon Cathedral.

 

Ripon Cathedral

Looking west down the nave to the fine west windows and their stained glass panels. These two rows of Gothic lancet windows date from around 1220. The splendid Perpendicular nave was rebuilt at the start of the 16th century by the addition of side aisles and wide clerestory windows (top left and right of above picture) added to the 12th century nave.

 

Ripon Cathedral

Looking west down the south aisle of the nave with its fine rib vaulting.

 

Ripon Cathedral

Some of the fine 'mixed' architecture in the nave.

 

Ripon Cathedral

The architecture of the crossing viewed from the south transept  - the nave to the left and the north transept to the right. A structural collapse in 1450 led to a massive rebuilding programme which included most of the nave, but was incomplete by the time of the Reformation which greatly affected Ripon in 1539. This has resulted in a combination of earlier rounded Romanesque arches and rebuilt pointed arches with fine columns supporting them. The north transept is a good example of Norman Transitional style.

 

Ripon Cathedral

The crossing. The central tower was reconstructed by building two pointed arches and three massive pillars in the Perpendicular style. The south side of the choir and the east side of the south transept were rebuilt.

 

Ripon Cathedral

A 3rd fine bronze sculpture of 'Mary and Christ' in Ripon Cathedral

 

Ripon Cathedral

The Lady Chapel has become the Cathedral Library of Ripon Cathedral houses the 'Treasury' including the Saxon brooch known as the 'Ripon Jewel'. It was built over the Chapter House in the late 14th century.

 

Ripon Cathedral

The larger 'heraldic' stained glass window in the library

 

Ripon Cathedral

Details of the heraldic stained glass in the library of Ripon Cathedral.

 

Ripon Cathedral Ripon Cathedral

Two fine medieval? stained glass panels in the library of Ripon Cathedral.

 

Ripon Cathedral

The Art Nouveau pulpit in bronze on marble columns dating from 1910 or 1913?

 

Ripon Cathedral

Art Nouveau pulpit with the choir screen in the distance.

 

Ripon Cathedral

The figures depict four Saxon saints and their crests are replicated on the kneelers.

 

 

Ripon Cathedral

The arcade columns and stained glass windows of the south aisle of the nave of Ripon Cathedral.

 

Ripon Cathedral

Details of some of the stained glass windows in the south aisle of Ripon Cathedral.

 

Ripon Cathedral Ripon Cathedral
Ripon Cathedral Ripon Cathedral

A few fragments of surviving medieval glass at the west end of the south aisle of Ripon Cathedral.

 

Ripon Cathedral

Medieval? or later? stained glass in the north aisle of Ripon Cathedral.

 

Ripon Cathedral

Medieval? or later? stained glass in the north aisle of Ripon Cathedral.

 

Ripon Cathedral

Medieval? or later? stained glass in the north aisle of Ripon Cathedral.

 

Ripon Cathedral Ripon Cathedral

Victorian and more modern stained glass window panels in the north transept. The north transept remains as Archbishop Roger (Archbishop of York from 1154-1181) built it in the later 12th century. The left heraldic panels were put up in 1840 by Lord Grantly of Markenfield to commemorate his long ancestry stretching back to John of Gaunt and Edward III.

 

Ripon Cathedral

The medieval screen below the organ, that separates the nave-crossing from the choir-chancel of Ripon Cathedral. The brightly painted figures date from 1946 and depict important people in the history of Ripon Cathedral including Archbishop Thurstan (founder of Fountains Abbey), King Athelstan (who created the 'Liberty of Ripon' AD 926) and Archbishop Longley (the first Bishop of Ripon in 1836).

 

Ripon Cathedral

The medieval screen, organ and the entrance to the choir and chancel of Ripon Cathedral.

 

Ripon Cathedral

The chancel, Victorian restored (1854?) Great East Window of  ~1300, executed in grand Gothic style, and before it the high altar and screen. The screen above the high altar is by Ninian Comper.

 

Ripon Cathedral

Details of the high altar and Reredos of Ripon Cathedral, whose figures are depictions of the key contemporaries of St Wilfrid and is also a War Memorial to Riponians killed in the First World War.

 

Ripon Cathedral

Details of the great east window of Ripon Cathedral (Victorian 1854), a true homage to the great architecture of the medieval Gothic stone masons and builders.

 

Ripon Cathedral

The choir stalls and organ. These are some of the most famous and finest choir stalls in England and there are fourteen stalls on either side and eight returned against the Screen and topped by intricately carved canopies (see below). They were carved by Ripon craftsmen between 1489 and 1494 under the leadership of William Bromflet, later known as William Carver who became Wakeman i.e. Mayor of Ripon in 1511. In 1660 the then spire of the central tower collapsed, fell through the roof and wrecked many of the canopies, which were replaced in the 19th century with copies of William Bromflet's work However, the seats or Misericords are outstanding surviving examples of medieval craftsmanship - many are illustrated at the end of the page - fantastic carvings.

 

Ripon Cathedral

Details of the late 15th century choir stalls in Ripon Cathedral.

 

Ripon Cathedral

The fine intricate carving of the oak choir stalls which were completed in 1494 by Ripon woodcarvers.

 

Ripon Cathedral

A whole selection of the late 15th century misericords - the carvings on the back of the choir stall seats.

 

Ripon Cathedral

 

Ripon Cathedral

 

Ripon Cathedral

 

Ripon Cathedral

 

Ripon Cathedral

 

Ripon Cathedral

 

Ripon Cathedral

 

Ripon Cathedral

 

Ripon Cathedral

 

Ripon Cathedral

 

Ripon Cathedral

 

Ripon Cathedral

 

Ripon Cathedral

 

Ripon Cathedral

 

Ripon Cathedral

 

 


32b. The Town Centre of Ripon - streets and buildings

Ripon Cathedral

? Street leading up to Minster Road by which you approach the west front of Ripon Cathedral from the town centre.

 

The 'Old Courthouse' by Ripon Cathedral, built ~1830 on the site of the Palace of the Bishops of York, and now the 'Courthouse Museum', 'Workhouse Museum' and 'Prison and Police Museum' of Ripon.

 

Market Square, Ripon, the tall obelisk was erected in 1781 to commemorate the sixty years membership of Parliament for Ripon of William Aislabie of Studly Royal.

 

A fine 16th century timber-framed building in one corner of Ripon's Market Square.

 

The cafe in Sainsbury's store gives good views of Market Square

 

Left: The grade II listed building of Saint Agnes Lodge House in St Agnesgate, Ripon, originally dating from ~1630-1660 ; Right: Almshouses? in Ripon

 

An old medieval church in Ripon, south of Ripon Cathedral, the former chapel of St Anne's Hospital.

 

The excellent Booths store and cafe in Ripon.

 


32c. The Ripon River Walk - River Skell and River Ure

After starting out from Sainsbury's Cafe! we did a T shaped, but 'circular' walk from the town centre, by first heading south from the Cathedral to Bondgate Green bridge.

 

You cross the B6265 Bondgate Green bridge and head east along the south bank of the River Skell

 

There are some great 'across the river' views of Ripon Cathedral.

 

 

Quite soon you reach the popular Water Rat pub, just below the weir.

 

 

Further on along Fishergreen you reach the ford and footbridge at Fishergreen

 

You then pass under the old railway bridge which now carries the A61 trunk road.

 

The stepping stones

 

Then you come to the confluence of the River Skell and River Ure,

 

You then turn south on the west bank of the River Ure.

 

When you come to the B6265 road bridge on Boroughbridge Road, you cross over and head north on the east bank of River Use

 

Looking north and south from the B6265 Boroughbridge Road bridge.

 

You just head north on the east bank of the River Ure passing some stone steps that were used for tank training in the 2nd World War.

 

Back to the confluence of the rivers Skell and Ure.

 

 

 

 

You then head northwest, passing under the A61 road bridge ...

 

... and then a little further on turn left over the North Road bridge over the River Ure.

 

Looking northwest and southeast from the North road bridge over the River Ure.

 

Some interesting houses near the west bank of the River Ure as you re-enter Ripon.

 

You pass under the A61 bridge again and just keep on heading south on the west bank of the River Ure.

 

 

Very pleasant walking by the River Ure.

 

After the confluence of the Rivers Ure and Skell you head west on the north bank of the River Skell ...

 

... and you get some nice views of Ripon Cathedral across the fields.

 

Trees!

 

Back to the stepping stones and the A61 road bridge.

 

 

Re-entering Ripon ...

 

... and the glorious west front of Ripon Cathedral and finally ended up in Booths Cafe!

A  two rivers and two cafes walk!

 

HOMEPAGE York ScenesHOMEPAGE for all of Phil and Molly's Picsprevious page <-> next page  *  York Area Index 

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