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Conwy, a popular tourist destination, traditionally known in English as Conway, is a walled market town and community in Conwy County Borough on the north coast of Wales across the River Conwy the community Deganwy. The name 'Conwy' derives from the old Welsh words 'cyn' (chief) and 'gwy' (water), the river being originally called the 'Cynwy'. Conwy Castle and the town walls were built on the orders of Edward I of England, between 1283 and 1289, as part of his conquest of the principality of Wales. The 14th century parish church standing in Conwy has been marked as the oldest building in Conwy. However, the oldest structure is part of the town walls, at the southern end of the east side where a wall and the tower of Llewellyn the Great's Llys [court house], which is built on a rocky outcrop, with an apsidal tower, a classic, native Welsh build from the early 13th century. People born within the town walls of Conwy in north Wales are nicknamed "Jackdaws", after the jackdaws which live on the walls there.

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

The suspension bridge across the River Conwy that links Conwy with Deganwy

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

Looking down on Conwy from the castle walls, the harbour is down on the right.

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

The bronze statue of Llewelyn ap Iowerth (or Llewelyn the Great) standing proudly above a fountain painted in his heritage colours, in Lancaster Square Conwy.

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

The writing carved on the fountain states that Llewelyn founded Aberconwy Abbey in 1186, some even say that Llewellyn founded the town himself. The bronze statue was created by a man named E.O Griffith in 1898 and was commemorated to introduce the towns water supply. Llewelyn was born in Dolwyddelan Castle in 1173 and raised in Powys. By the amazingly young age of 10, Llewelyn had begun his military career and in 1201 (aged 28) he had successfully conquered Gwynedd. In 1209, Llewelyn became the first Welsh leader to join an English King on a campaign outside Wales to try to defeat William I of Scotland.

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

The Conwy Visitor Centre near the station.

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

The Erskine Arms and 'Love to Eat' near Conwy station.

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway) Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

Cafes in High Street, Conwy

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

 

Plas Mawr Elizabethan Townhouse (Plas Mawr Ty Tref Oes Elisabeth) in the High Street

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

Plas Mawr in Conwy is an Elizabethan house built in 1576 by the Wynn family and was extensively refurbished to its 16th-century appearance and is now in the care of Cadw and open to the public.

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

Plas Mawr lower courtyard

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

The entrance to Plas Mawr

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

Crown Lane

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

Part of Plas Mawr dated 1576 in Crown Lanet, by the Oriel Gallery

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

EDWARDS butcher and delicatessen, High Street on the corner of Crown Lane and High Street, on the right the 'Ye Olde Mail Coach' plus Palace ??

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

The fine brick and stone building of the Castle Hotel and Restaurant, High Street, Conwy

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

Aberconwy House (Aberconway House), Conwy, is a 14th century merchant's house, and a National Trust property.

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway) Wooden beams in Aberconwy House

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

Interesting building of the Palace Bingo in Conwy, and Illy  ???

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

The George and Dragon and the Blue Bell (Gloch Las) pubs in Conwy

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

An old house in 11 Castle Street, Conwy, marked JBC 1589, but archaeologists think the original hall may have been built as early as 1441.

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

St Mair a'r Holl Saint (St Mary & All Saints) Parish Church

Conwy was the original site of Aberconwy Abbey, founded by Llywelyn the Great. Edward and his troops took over the abbey site and moved the monks down the Conwy valley to a new site at Maenan, establishing Maenan Abbey. St Mary & All Saints still retains some parts of the original abbey church in the east and west walls. English settlers were given incentives to move to the walled garrison town, which for decades the Welsh were forbidden from entering!

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

The West Door

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

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Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway) Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

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Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

Conwy Quay and marina, the white house on the left is Vardre Hall, a 19th Century Grade II listed building set directly opposite to Conwy Castle. It was erected by Conservative Buckinghamshire MP William Edward FitzMaurice in the mid 1850s. In 1869 the building was sold to solicitor William Jones. The building was used as a solicitor's office until 1972, when it was bought out and became The Towers Restaurant. The Towers Coffee house remains next door. After laying empty for a number of years Vardre Hall changed hands again and, in 1999, was refurbished into a shop.

A lifeboat station was established by the RNLI in 1966 and currently operates the D-class inshore lifeboat The May Bob.

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

The Conwy Suspension Bridge completed in 1826, designed by Thomas Telford to replace the ferry across the River Conwy to the castle and town of Conwy. Telford designed the bridge's supporting towers to match the castle's turrets as you approach the castle and the bridge itself is now pedestrians only and, with the toll-keeper's house, is managed by the National Trust.

On the right is the Conwy Railway Bridge, a Tubular bridge, was built for the Chester and Holyhead Railway by Robert Stephenson completed in 1849. The bridge is still in use on the North Wales Coast Line, along with the station, which is located within the town walls. In addition to a modern bridge serving the town, the A55 road passes under the river by a tunnel, Britain's first immersed tube tunnel, which was built between 1986 and 1991. The old mountain road to Dwygyfylchi and Penmaenmawr runs through the Sychnant Pass, at the foot of Conwy Mountain.

 

Castell Conwy Castle, North Wales (Conway Castle)

The Chester-Holyhead railway line emerging from the tubular suspension bridge just before Conwy station.

 

Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)Town of Conwy, North Wales (Conway)

Conwy Station, where the railway cuts through the castle and city walls!

 

A view of Conwy town walls from the castle walls, with a Chester-Holyhead train passing by on the North Wales coastal railway route.

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