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30. All Hallows by the Tower Church, LONDON

Church of All Hallows Barking

 

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The church of All Hallows-by-the-Tower was previously dedicated to St. Mary the Virgin and is sometimes known as All Hallows Barking. All Hallows an ancient Anglican church on Byward Street in the City of London, overlooking the Tower of London. All Hallows by the Tower is the oldest church in the City of London and was founded by the Abbey of Barking in AD 675, 300 years before the Tower of London was built by the Normans. An arch from the Saxon church survives at the west end of the church and in the crypt beneath is a second century Roman pavement providing evidence of nearly two thousand years of occupation. With its proximity to the Tower of London, the church has cared for numerous beheaded bodies brought for temporary burial following their executions on Tower Hill, including those of Thomas More, Bishop John Fisher and Archbishop Laud, a somewhat distinguished list. In 1666 the Great Fire of London started in Pudding Lane, a few hundred yards from the church, fortunately All Hallows survived through the efforts of Admiral Penn (William Penn's father) who, along with his friend Samuel Pepys, watched London burn from the tower of the church. William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania, was baptised in the church and educated in the old schoolroom. John Quincy Adams, sixth president of the USA, was married in All Hallows in 1797. Sadly, the church suffered extensive bomb damage during World War II and only the tower and the walls remained. The church was rebuilt after the war and was rededicated in 1957. The vicar at the time was the Rev'd "Tubby" Clayton, founder of the Toc H movement.

 

The tower of All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

 

The west end exterior architecture of All Hallows by the Tower Church, London. The west brick tower was built in 1658-1659, the spire was added much later in ?

 

The north aisle of All Hallows by the Tower Church, London. The church was badly damaged in WWII and required extensive rebuilding after the war.

 

In the wall of the north aisle of All Hallows by the Tower Church, London - the medieval carved image of St Anthony of Egypt, a prominent leader amongst the Desert fathers.

 

Stained glass window panels in the north aisle of All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

 

Looking east down the nave All Hallows by the Tower Church, London.

 

The south aisle of All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

 

The south aisle of All Hallows contain many colourful stained glass panels relating to people and shipping lines associated with the Port of London.

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London: British Commonwealth Shipping Company, Clan Line

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London: The Honourable Company of Master Mariners.

 

The British & commonwealth Shipping Company

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London: The Clan Line Steamers Ltd.

Commemorating the Houlder Line S.T.V. "Royston Grange", lost with all hands in the River Plate 1972

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

 

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London: Central Steam Navigation Company, British India Company, Union Steamship Company

 

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London: Peninsular and Oriental Steam navigation Company, New Zealand Shipping Federal Steam navigation Company

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

 

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London: Royal Mail Lines, Reconnaissance Corps. 1941-1946

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London: The Worshipful Company of World Traders

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London: Port of London authority

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London: Image of the Port Of London in medieval times.

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

 

The Saxon arch All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

 

The sculpture "First Steps" by John Robinson (1935-2007) All Hallows by the Tower Church, London. The group of life sized fibre-glass figures are replicas of the original bronzes and show a mother watching her baby's first steps with tears in her eyes and two older children looking on.

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

Left: The top of the Saxon arch, from the late 7th century? is made of recycled Roman roof tiles. You pass it going to the entrance to descend into the crypt.

Right: A small attractive stained glass window and the cover over the font, a fine carving by Grinling Gibbons from 1682, exquisitely carved cherubs, leaves, flowers, wheat-ears, fir-cones etc.

 

One of the best 2nd century AD Roman tessellated pavement discovered under All Hallows by the Tower Church, London. It was part of a domestic house.

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London: Left : ?? Right: A Mortarium, a vessel of course pottery used in the preparation of food (1st century AD).

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London: Fragments of Roman stone carvings

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London. Looking east along the Crypt, with its several Saxon stone arches

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London. The crypt.

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London: The Anglo-Saxon Wheel Head Cross, dating from around AD 900

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London: The shaft of another Anglo-Saxon stone carving.

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

 

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

 

All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

 

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All Hallows by the Tower Church, London

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