Phil and Molly's Lake District HOMEPAGE

HOMEPAGE for all of Phil and Molly's Pics47. The Historic Brougham Hall

near Penrith, Cumbria

(ex Cumberland/Westmorland)

 Lake District & North-West Index

The history, architecture and contemporary use and restoration of Brougham Hall

Brougham Hall was once dubbed the "Windsor of the North", so fine were the buildings and fittings, particularly the Tudor 'Great Hall', sadly no longer in existence (demolished between1820 and 1843) and all is left is extensive ruins, a tower, gatehouses and one other sizeable building. The original buildings of Brougham Hall date from the 14th century, a fortified country house inhabited by the Brougham family. It fell into disuse in the early 20th century and remained derelict until 1968 when the rest was going to be removed in favour of a housing estate. Many parts had been pulled down and sold off but purchase in 1985 by Christopher Terry with the intention of saving and restoring what was left and the Brougham Hall Charitable Trust was formed to give the historic remains a future!

The Tudor period of Brougham Hall ran from 1483 to 1603.

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To the left of the present main entrance gateway of Brougham Hall is a Tudor building dating from 1480-1520.

 

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On the right of another gateway is Gwen Bainbridge Ceramics - the buildings are well used by arts and crafts people - and what a setting!

 

Gateway and Tudor building of Brougham Hall.

 

The backdrop to the cafe. On the right was an ice house.

 

A general view of the courtyard part of the walls of Brougham Hall from the terrace.

 

The Sunken Garden

 

 

The ruins of the church, known as the Lord Chancellor's Den, used as Lord Chancellor Brougham's office.

 

The Brougham doorknocker. Four examples of this 12th century design survive, two from Durham and two from Brougham.

This is the best preserved or is it a replica?

 

Brougham Hall's cafe tea room for drinks and refreshments.

 

Photography studio and arts and crafts shop next to the cafe tearoom.

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Brougham Hall Artisans

All sorts of art and crafts goods for sale

Paintings, sculptures, clothes etc. etc.


Brief history of Brougham Hall: The de Burgham family may have held land at Brougham in Edward the Confessor's time and were allowed to keep their position after the Norman Conquest of England, which occurred after 1092 in this region : a Wilfred de Burgham was recorded in the reign of Henry II. The de Burghams retained land by military service to the Vieuxpont lords who lived at Brougham Castle close by. The hall, usually sold in third parts, passed through the hands of various families in Medieval times. Lady Anne Clifford, 14th Baroness de Clifford, the then owner of Brougham Castle, bought one third part of Brougham Hall in 1654. Amongst other improvements, she re-built the Hall's chapel, St. Wilfrid's, completed about 1659. Lady Anne's attorney-at law and later her steward, James Bird, bought her third of the Hall and manor after her death (1676), being the first person to hold the entirety of the building since the de Broughams. The male line of the Birds of Brougham family died out, however, and the then owner of the Hall and estate, Thomas Carleton, sold both to John Brougham of Scales in 1726. John Brougham belonged to a separate branch of the old de Brougham family, and was "the most successful member of the Brougham family in the 18th century", being a Commissioner in the Excise service for England as well as a barrister and local squire. The oldest part of the hall is the thirteenth-century gateway, followed by the Tudor Hall of Brougham Hall, which dates back to around 14801520. The seventeenth-century guardhouse of Brougham Hall was built by James Bird. The Hall was close to the scene of a bloody battle between the Jacobite army of Prince Charles Edward Stuart and Government forces (the Clifton Moor Skirmish), that took place in December 1745. The rise to power of Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux, led to the Hall being extended and enlarged between 1830 and 1847, to designs by the architect Lewis Nockalls Cottingham. The building works were largely overseen by Henry's brother, William Brougham, 2nd Baron Brougham and Vaux. From this point on, Brougham Hall received visits from London " society" and other notable people, including royalty. This culminated in the visit, in 1905, of the King, Edward VII.[6] However, after World War I, Brougham Hall, in common with many other country houses, faced a severe financial crisis. This was compounded by the spendthrift nature of Victor Brougham, 4th Baron Brougham and Vaux, and his failed attempts to shore up income by becoming a professional gambler. The hall was sold by Victor, 4th Baron Brougham, attempting to pay his many debts, in 1934, and was thereafter sold again for demolition. From 1941 to 1945, there was a secret tank development facility at Brougham Hall. The project was known as Canal Defence Light. A plaque at the Hall remembers the men who worked there during the war. There is also a bunker which was used during World War II. After World War II, the Hall languished in a derelict state until it was purchased by Christopher Terry in 1967. Mr. Terry and his wife, Alison, determined to arrest the further decline of the Hall. Today, the hall is the subject of a renovation project by volunteers of the Brougham Hall Charitable Trust and is open to visitors throughout the year. Source Wikipedia


 

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