near Penrith, Cumbria
The history, architecture and contemporary use and restoration of Brougham Hall
Brougham Hall was once dubbed the "Windsor of the North", so fine were the buildings and fittings, particularly the Tudor 'Great Hall', sadly no longer in existence (demolished between1820 and 1843) and all is left is extensive ruins, a tower, gatehouses and one other sizeable building. The original buildings of Brougham Hall date from the 14th century, a fortified country house inhabited by the Brougham family. It fell into disuse in the early 20th century and remained derelict until 1968 when the rest was going to be removed in favour of a housing estate. Many parts had been pulled down and sold off but purchase in 1985 by Christopher Terry with the intention of saving and restoring what was left and the Brougham Hall Charitable Trust was formed to give the historic remains a future!
The Tudor period of Brougham Hall ran from 1483 to 1603.
To the left of the present main entrance gateway of Brougham Hall is a Tudor building dating from 1480-1520.
On the right of another gateway is Gwen Bainbridge Ceramics - the buildings are well used by arts and crafts people - and what a setting!
Gateway and Tudor building of Brougham Hall.
The backdrop to the cafe. On the right was an ice house.
A general view of the courtyard part of the walls of Brougham Hall from the terrace.
The Sunken Garden
The ruins of the church, known as the Lord Chancellor's Den, used as Lord Chancellor Brougham's office.
The Brougham doorknocker. Four examples of this 12th century design survive, two from Durham and two from Brougham.
This is the best preserved or is it a replica?
Brougham Hall's cafe tea room for drinks and refreshments.
Brief history of Brougham Hall: The de Burgham family may have held land at Brougham in Edward the Confessor's time and were allowed to keep their position after the Norman Conquest of England, which occurred after 1092 in this region : a Wilfred de Burgham was recorded in the reign of Henry II. The de Burghams retained land by military service to the Vieuxpont lords who lived at Brougham Castle close by. The hall, usually sold in third parts, passed through the hands of various families in Medieval times. Lady Anne Clifford, 14th Baroness de Clifford, the then owner of Brougham Castle, bought one third part of Brougham Hall in 1654. Amongst other improvements, she re-built the Hall's chapel, St. Wilfrid's, completed about 1659. Lady Anne's attorney-at law and later her steward, James Bird, bought her third of the Hall and manor after her death (1676), being the first person to hold the entirety of the building since the de Broughams. The male line of the Birds of Brougham family died out, however, and the then owner of the Hall and estate, Thomas Carleton, sold both to John Brougham of Scales in 1726. John Brougham belonged to a separate branch of the old de Brougham family, and was "the most successful member of the Brougham family in the 18th century", being a Commissioner in the Excise service for England as well as a barrister and local squire. The oldest part of the hall is the thirteenth-century gateway, followed by the Tudor Hall of Brougham Hall, which dates back to around 1480–1520. The seventeenth-century guardhouse of Brougham Hall was built by James Bird. The Hall was close to the scene of a bloody battle between the Jacobite army of Prince Charles Edward Stuart and Government forces (the Clifton Moor Skirmish), that took place in December 1745. The rise to power of Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux, led to the Hall being extended and enlarged between 1830 and 1847, to designs by the architect Lewis Nockalls Cottingham. The building works were largely overseen by Henry's brother, William Brougham, 2nd Baron Brougham and Vaux. From this point on, Brougham Hall received visits from London " society" and other notable people, including royalty. This culminated in the visit, in 1905, of the King, Edward VII. However, after World War I, Brougham Hall, in common with many other country houses, faced a severe financial crisis. This was compounded by the spendthrift nature of Victor Brougham, 4th Baron Brougham and Vaux, and his failed attempts to shore up income by becoming a professional gambler. The hall was sold by Victor, 4th Baron Brougham, attempting to pay his many debts, in 1934, and was thereafter sold again for demolition. From 1941 to 1945, there was a secret tank development facility at Brougham Hall. The project was known as Canal Defence Light. A plaque at the Hall remembers the men who worked there during the war. There is also a bunker which was used during World War II. After World War II, the Hall languished in a derelict state until it was purchased by Christopher Terry in 1967. Mr. Terry and his wife, Alison, determined to arrest the further decline of the Hall. Today, the hall is the subject of a renovation project by volunteers of the Brougham Hall Charitable Trust and is open to visitors throughout the year. Source Wikipedia
North West of England's Northern Lakeland scenes docspics images pictures © Phil Brown * Lake District guided walking holidays over hills, valleys, Cumbrian mountains, mountain climbing, rock climbing. dining/eating out cafes pubs restaurants, walks and rambles to suit all capabilities and plenty of other 'Lakeland' tourist attractions, accommodation luxury hotels, B&B, self-catering holiday cottages, hostels to suit all budgets, Cumbria Coach tours, trekking or hiking holidays, weekend-breaks in the Lakes, North-West England Holidays in the Lake District National Park Cumberland Westmorland Holidays, bargain weekend breaks Northern England docspics images photos of Brougham Hall © Phil Brown docspics images photos of Brougham Hall © Phil Brown Tourist information on Brougham Hall, Walks near, Holidays near Brougham Hall, England, Top tourist attractions of Brougham Hall, luxury hotels in Brougham Hall, self-catering holiday cottages near Brougham Hall, B&B near Brougham Hall, friendly pubs near Brougham Hall, cafes near Brougham Hall, eating out in fine restaurants near Brougham Hall, weekend breaks near Brougham Hall, wining & dining weekends near Brougham Hall, walking holidays around the Brougham Hall, touring coach tours including Brougham Hall, pretty villages near Brougham Hall, historic town/village of Brougham Hall, museums near Brougham Hall, local art galleries near Brougham Hall, guided walks from Brougham Hall, excellent fell hill walking around Brougham Hall, rambling, exploring the landscape near Brougham Hall. good places to eat near Brougham Hall tourist attractions near Brougham Hall tourist information for places near Brougham Hall good places for wining and dining near Brougham Hall good walks near Brougham Hall properties for sale near Brougham Hall, renting a flat of house near Brougham Hall, property for rent near Brougham Hall, houses for sale near Brougham Hall, lettings near Brougham Hall places to rent near Brougham Hall holiday cottage accommodation near Brougham Hall docspics images photos of Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria northwest England © Phil Brown Tourist information on Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, Things to do in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, What to see in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, Walks in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, weekend breaks in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria holidays in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, Top tourist attractions of Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, luxury hotels in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, self-catering holiday cottages in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, B&B in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, friendly pubs in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, cafes in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, eating out in fine restaurants in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, bargain holiday breaks in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, wining & dining weekends in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, touring coach tours including Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, pretty villages in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, historic towns in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, visiting museums in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, local art galleries in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, guided walks from Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, history of Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, architecture of Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria trains to Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria historic houses in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria historic churches in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria historic buildings good places to eat in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria tourist attractions in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria tourist information for things to do and see in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria good places to eat out in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria good walks from Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria tourist attractions properties for sale in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, renting a flat of house in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, property for rent in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, houses for sale in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria, lettings in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria places to rent in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria holiday cottages accommodation in Brougham near Penrith, Cumbria
Enter place, walk, mountain, hill, village, town. city, feature, historic site or building, museum, anything of interest!
TOP OF PAGE