5b. Carlisle (2) The City Centre & Buildings
See also Carlisle (1) The Cathedral
A Very Brief History of Carlisle!
Carlisle was a Roman civil settlement (Luguvalium) and has had continued occupation since. In the 10th and 11th centuries it was controlled by the Scots and figured in the Anglo-Scottish disputes and wars all the way to the 1745 rebellion. It prospered modestly in the 17th and 18th centuries and became an important railway junction later in the 19th century.
A section of the city walls and some older buildings in Carlisle
Leaving the car park below the West Walls (Sallyport, where tithes were received here in medieval times) we headed up into the centre of Carlisle City. The West Walls were begun in 1122 to 1200, situated between the Cathedral and the Town Dyke Orchard car park.
The old sandstone gateway and house near the Cathedral.
The medieval gateway at the junction of Abbey Street and Paternoster Row
The gateway arch into Dean Taits Lane
? by the West Walls, Carlisle.
One of the twin towers of the Citadel or Court Houses.
The Citadel was erected in 1810 to original designs by Thomas Telford and completed by Sir Robert Smirke. The twin Citadel towers replace those built earlier by order of King Henry VIII in 1542 to guard the southern end of the city.
The fine building of the Boardroom pub on the corner of Paternoster Row and Castle Street.
(b) Some of the streets and shops in the pedestrianised city centre
The building housing the Guildhall Museum.
Carlisle City centre - heart of the shopping area - the Market Cross of 1682, an unfluted column on a square base - on the top is a sundial with balls at the top four and bottom four corners.
Returning to the carpark in the lovely late afternoon winter sunshine.
The Carlisle Visitor Centre - Tourist Information Centre
The County Hotel in Carlisle, now one of the Hallmark Hotels chain.
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