2. The Town of Richmond and Richmond Castle
Scenes in the Yorkshire Dales National Park, North Yorkshire
We often call in at Richmond on our way to the Yorkshire Dales from the North York Moors - from one National Park to another! and so little effort to come over to Swaledale.
As you come into the centre of Richmond you see 15th century 'Greyfriars' tower of the ruins of the medieval Abbey Church in the Friary Gardens of this fine historic market town in North Yorkshire in the District of Richmondshire. The town was founded in 1071 after the Norman Conquest reached the North of England.
The prosperity of this medieval town increased even more in the 17th and 18th century due to the wool trade and the lead mining in the nearby dales like Arkengarthdale. This photo corresponds with the arrow on the map.
The Norman Keep of Richmond Castle dominates the skyline and combined with much Georgian architecture, this most pleasant of towns is well worth exploring with a longish stroll around its streets.
Looking down from Castle Walk around the Castle walls, onto the banks of the River Swale and beyond it Swaledale itself.
You can appreciate how the Castle looks down on the surrounding buildings.
The Market Square, Richmond Town.
The old cobbled Market Place, 'Market Cross'?, The fine Georgian building of the Kings Hotel in the distance and the medieval Holy Trinity Church on the right in Market Square, though only the tower looks genuinely medieval.
Left: The Entrance to the Green Howards Regimental Museum which is based in Holy Trinity Church in Market Square. Right: Looking up to Holy Trinity Church in Trinity Square, and note the attractive facade of the building on the right.
Market Square which has several shopping streets off it.
One of several busy shopping street, Richmond acts as an important centre for the surrounding beautiful countryside.
Note the fish and Chip shop snuggled up to the weathered tracery of the stone windows of the medieval Holy Trinity Church!
Back to Richmond on Market day complete with many stalls and the odd musician in or near Market Square.
Some of the fine houses in Market square and Holy Trinity Church, now the Army Museum of the Green Howards.
Lily's 'New Orleans' Cafe in Rosemary Lane, one of many cafes in Richmond!
RICHMOND CASTLE (managed by English Heritage)
A brief history of Richmond Castle.
Richmond Castle stands in a commanding position above the River Swale, near the centre of the town of Richmond in North Yorkshire. Richmond Castle was originally called Riche Mount, 'the strong hill'. Richmond Castle was constructed from 1071 onwards after the Norman Conquest of in 1066. The Domesday Book of 1086 refers to 'a castlery' at Richmond. In 1069 William the Conqueror suppressed a rebellion at York which was followed by his dreadful oppressive "harrying of the North" whose brutality laid waste and depopulated large areas for a generation or more. Alan Rufus, of Brittany, received the borough of Richmond and began building Richmond Castle to defend against further rebellions and to establish a personal power base. At the end of the 12th century the 100-foot high keep of honey-coloured sandstone was built (see pictures above). Henry II probably completed the keep which had 11-foot thick walls. There are magnificent views of the town of Richmond from the top of the Keep. Today Richmond Castle has one of the finest examples of Norman buildings in Britain including Scollands Hall, the Great Hall of the castle. The keep has a restored roof and floors but is shown with the original 11th-century main gate arch unblocked.
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Richmond historic market town, North Yorkshire, Northern England: Richmond is a lovely historic market town to visit and walk around plus several attractions including the Castle and Green Howards Museum. The handsome building Kings Head Hotel offers good bar meals or just hot and cold snacks and a good cup of coffee.
|Barkers Traditional Fish and Chips is not exactly tastefully tacked on to the end of Trinity Church in the main square of Richmond. You can go on a short walk down from the square around the Castle walls high above the River Swale and back around to the market square. More notes on the pictures of Richmond.|
|William's Tea Rooms above the delicatessen offers a birds eye view of the market stalls.|