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The Class 91 powered trains were marketed as the 'Intercity 225', and class 91 is known as the 'Electra' Class
Electric Locomotives, built 1988-1991. Locomotive power supply 25 kV a.c. (50 Hz) via pantograph and overhead power lines. The '225' comes from 225 km/hour max. speed (140 mph) and to distinguish the from InterCity 125 trains.
Class 91 traction units were built by BREL at Crewe Works (sub-contractors for GEC) from 1988-1991. The Class 91 hauled passenger coaches and driving trailers were built at the Metro-Cammel works in Birmingham. Class 91 electric locomotives have a maximum tractive effort of 170 kN at 96 mph and Class 91 units have a maximum speed of 125 mph. Class 91 are classified as HST high speed trains. These InterCity 225s were introduced on the electrification of the East coast Main Line in the late 1980s. A Class 91set consists of nine passenger coaches, an electric locomotive (91xxx) and a driving trailer (82xxx). They were designed to operate at a maximum speed of 225 km/h (140 mph), hence the name InterCity 225, though in fact they only operate up to 125 mph. Class 91 locomotives have a maximum speed of 140 mph, though this is restricted on Network Rail to 125 mph.
Class 91 electric locomotives have a maximum rail power of 4700 kW (6300 hp)
The Class 91 locomotives have a continuous power rating of 4540 kW (6090 hp).
The Class 91 electric locomotives were originally numbered 91001 to 91031, then 100 was added to the original Class 91 number, giving 91101 to 91122 (from 91001 to 91022) and 91124 to 91132 (from 91024 to 91031 plus for some reason? 91023 became 91132)
Class 91 electric locomotives featured & illustrated: 91101 91102 91103 91104 91105 91106 91107 91108 91109 91110 91111 91112 91113 91114 91115 91116 91117 91118 91119 91120 91121 91122 (NO number 91123) 91124 91125 91126 91127 91028/91128 91129 91130 91131 91132 (ex 91023)
91131 (ex 91031) was the last locomotive built at Crewe Works - excitedly visited as a child in the late 1950s.
Contemporary and Heritage-Preserved, Diesel, Diesel-Electric and Electric Locomotives
A Class 91, 91010 (now 91110) holds the British locomotive speed record at 161.7 mph (260.2 km/h), set on 17 September 1989, just south of Little Bytham on a test run down Stoke Bank with the DVT leading - isn't this where MALLARD broke the world speed record for a steam locomotive.
The end of Class 91 electric locomotives working the East Coast Main Line
Towards the end of 2019 some Class 91 electric locomotives are being withdrawn from ECML service with LNER.
However, some are being 'reused' for other purposes with other companies e.g.
Two Class 91 electric locomotives 91117 and 91120 in the yard of UK Rail Leasing, Leicester (Dec 2019).
These two Class 91 electric locomotives have been purchased by Europhoenix to work as a pair hauling freight trains in the continental Europe.
Profile of Class 91 electric locomotive 91117 with the ionic Europhoenix livery,UK Rail Leasing, Leicester (January 2020).
The gearing will have to be lowered by Voith to enable them to do this. The Class 91 locos will be permanently coupled with the 'blunt' ends together.
The last of Class 91 electric locomotive to be photographed, and, coincidently, the last to be built!
Class 91 electric Electra loco 91 91130 Lord Mayor of Newcastle at York, with an LNER train from Edinburgh to Kings Cross.
Class 91 electric locomotive 91131 with an LNER service from Edinburgh to London Kings Cross (York station, Nov 2019)
Class 91 Electra Intercity 225 electric locomotive 91119 "Bounds Green Intercity Depot" heading north from York station with an LNER service to Edinburgh (great nostalgia at York in August 2019).
A Class 91 electric locomotive with an LNER service to Edinburgh (13/09/2019)
Class 91 electric locomotive 91121 celebrating 'Gay Pride' with markings #trainbow and Love is Love.
Class 91 electric locomotive 91132 at Newcastle with an LNER service to Edinburgh (13/09/2019)
91132 carries text on raising the issue of mental health in the workplace
Class 91 91105 LNER train heading north through Doncaster.
Class 91 electric locomotive 91101 FLYING SCOTSMAN with an LNER service to Edinburgh on the route of the 'Flying Scotsman' (Newcastle, 13/09/19)
Class 91 electric locomotive 91120 at the rear of an LNER service to KX (Newcastle 13/09/2019)
Class 91 Electra Intercity 225 electric locomotive 91129 coming into Peterborough station with an LNER service from KX (July 2019).
A pair of driving van trailers 82225 and 82227 moving in opposite directions in Peterborough station
Class 91 Electra Intercity 225 electric locomotive 91108 leaving Peterborough with an LNER service for London Kings Cross
Class 91 Electra Intercity 225 electric locomotive 91118 The Fusiliers, at York (July 2019)
Above & below: Class 91 Electra Intercity 225 electric locomotive 91106 at rear (August 2019)
Class 91 Electra Intercity 225 electric locomotive 91114 "Durham Cathedral, York (July 2019)
Class 91 Electra Intercity 225 electric locomotive 91126 Darlington Hippodrome (May 2019)
Heading north through Grantham station Class 91 91103 Grantham with an LNER service for Newcastle (July 2019)
Class 91 Electra Intercity 225 electric locomotive 91103 at Grantham station
Class 91 locomotive 91110 "Battle of Britain Memorial Flight" heading south from Grantham Station (July 2019)
Class 91 91111 "For the Fallen" heading north through Grantham Station (July 2019)
Class 91101 "Flying Scotsman" at York with an LNER York Kings Cross service (July2019)
DVT with 91101
Class 91 electric locomotive 91128 "INTERCITY 50" at Leeds station (June 2017) at the head of Virgin service to Kings Cross.
LNER Class 91 locomotive 91121 with a 'Gay Pride' rainbow livery entitled "Love is Love", KX-Leeds train (Nov. 2018)
Aerial view of a Class 91 electric locomotive showing the connecting pantograph to the 25 kV electricity supply.
In the winter sunlight Class 91 electric locomotive 91127 entering Peterborough station with a Virgin train from KX to Newcastle (29/11/16).
Class 91 91106 heading south from Peterborough to KX
Class 91 electric locomotive 91119 at York station, at the head of a Virgin Trains East Coast service from London KX to Edinburgh.
Class 91 electric locomotive 91111, now named "For the Fallen" and suitably decorated with First world War images
October 3rd 2016, York station, a rare sight of a Class 91 electric locomotive operating back to front'! Presumably the driving trailer van had failed?
Class 91 electric locomotive 91132 stopping at Northallerton station with a Virgin Trains East Coast service from London Kings Cross to Newcastle (Oct 2016)
Class 91 electric locomotive 91115 Blaydon Races (below)
Driving van trailer 82211 at the rear of electric locomotive Class 91 91115 hauled Virgin Trains East Coast service train from London KX to Edinburgh leaving Peterborough
Driving Trailer Van 82207 with a Class 91 91102 "City of York" pulling into Doncaster station with a Virgin Trains East Coast service for KX
Class 91 electric locomotive 91104 at the rear of a Virgin Train East Coast train from Newcastle to London Kings Cross (Newcastle Central station, July 2016)
Class 91 electric locomotive 91103 at Newcastle station, in the new red Virgin Trains East coast livery, with a KX - Edinburgh train.
In the rear 91103, driving trailer van 82231
Class 91 91105 in the new Virgin Trains East Coast livery (red & silver), Kings Cross to Edinburgh service (York station, March 2015)
Class 91 power car locomotive 91124 and Mk4 carriages in the new Virgin Train East coast livery, Kings Cross to Edinburgh service (York station, March 2015). See also pictures below, with driving brake van 82200 at the rear.
Driving Van Trailer 82226 and 82217 head Class 91 trains from Edinburgh to Kings Cross, seen speeding south of Northallerton (June 2015)
Note the older East Coast Trains livery on the Class 91 powered trains.
Electric locomotive Class 91 Power Car 91122 at Newcastle at the rear of a train for Kings Cross (note the new temporary Virgin logo March 2015).
State owned East Coast Trains, now privately owned, carries the red Richard Branson brand, Virgin Train East Coast.
At Newcastle Central station, Class 91 Power car 91120 passes 91122 with a train for Edinburgh (note the new Virgin logo in March 2015).
Class 91 hauled train south of York at Colton Junction with a train for Kings Cross. At the front is driving van trailer 82210 (driving brake van Mark 4 140 mph). The locomotives have a streamlined cab at the front and a vertical cab at the rear (see 91110 below). The Class 91 electric locomotives can operate with the flat ended cab at the front, but only at reduced speed. The driving trailer van also has a streamlined front (see 82210 above).
Class 91 electric locomotive 91113 leaving Northallerton station with an East Coast Express train service from Kings Cross to Newcastle and Edinburgh.
A still working locomotive of East Coast electric trains, but painted to remember another heritage "LEST WE FORGET" and beautifully and tastefully painted with iconic historic images. Class 91 91110 at York station.
Type Class 91 locomotive, number 91110 (Class 91 110) is now named "BATTLE OF BRITAIN MEMORIAL FLIGHT"
Spitfire and Hurricane? with a Lancaster bomber, that made up the MEMORIAL FLIGHT of the ROYAL AIR FORCE, LEST WE FORGET
Bearing in mind the iconic images on 91110, it seems appropriate that Class 91 91110 (as Electra Class 91 91010), on the East Coast Mainline, achieved the UK locomotive speed record of 162mph near Little Bytham, the same stretch of track where Sir Nigel Gresley's A4 Pacific 'MALLARD' achieved the world record of 126 mph for a steam locomotive. Electric Multiple Units Class 373 Eurostar can travel faster (208 mph record on HS1), but this is NOT classed as a locomotive driven train.
East Coast express train, Class 91 electric locomotive hauled train entering York Station, this type of express passenger train is used on the Edinburgh Waverley-Newcastle-York-Doncaster-Peterborough-London Kings Cross services
A somewhat colourful Class 91 91125 electric locomotive leaving York station hauling an East Coast Express train from London Kings Cross to Edinburgh, and for Class 91 hauled trains, at the rear driving brake van 82216.
Class 91 electric locomotive 91125 all decked out in sky blue to advertise sky 1 HD satellite television!
Class 91 electric locomotive 91125 is now in Virgin Trains East Coast livery!, here pulling into Northallerton station with a Kings Cross to Newcastle train (July 2016).
Class 91 electric locomotive 91028 (now 91128) at Northallerton Station with a Kings Cross to Edinburgh East Coast train.
Class 91 electric locomotive 91106 (Class 91 106) heading north to York at speed at Copmanthorpe with an express passenger train from London Kings Cross.
DTV (driving brake van Mark 4 140 mph) 82213 (Class 91 loco at the rear) and Class 43 43313 on right at King's Cross Station
Class 91 electric locomotive 91119 (Class 91 119, still in the old GNER livery) heading an East Coast Train down the line to Leeds at Colton Junction south of York.
Same location (other side of footbridge!), but Class 91 locomotive 91119 hauling a train heading north to York with a train from King's Cross.
Class 91 105 electric locomotive 105 (91105) heading for York, on the East Coast mainline at Colton Junction, south of York, with a train from Kings Cross.
Class 91 electric locomotive 91132 (91 132, ex 91023) standing in York Station in June 2013 with an EAST COAST train from London Kings Cross.
Driving van trailer 82230 (driving brake van) at the non-traction end of a Class 91 express passenger train at York station
Driving Van Trailer 82210 (driving brake van Mark 4 140 mph) at the end opposite end of the train to Class 91 91128 (shown below) in York Station with a train from Kings Cross, London. East Coast trains livery (see below)
Class 91 electric power car locomotive 91128 now named "INTERCITY 50" and in the Virgin Trains East Coast livery.
The InterCity 225 is a locomotive-hauled express passenger train comprising a Class 91 electric locomotive 91128, nine Mark 4 coaches and a Driving Van Trailer (DVT).
The Class 91 locomotives were built by BREL at Crewe works. A Driving Van Trailer (driving brake van) is a railway vehicle that allows the driver to operate a locomotive at the opposite end of a train to traction locomotive that powers the train.
Therefore, trains operating with a DVT do not require the locomotive to be moved around to the other end of the train at terminal stations, so the train can pull in and pull out with great convenience to all concerned.
For the Class 91 driven trains, the DVTs are numbered 82xxx.
Note that the DVT vehicles cannot have passenger accommodation because the health and safety rules prohibited carrying passengers in the leading vehicles of trains that travel at more than 100 miles per hour.
Class 91 electric locomotive 91122 (Class 91 122) powering an East Coast train south from York to London Kings Cross.
The latest livery, Virgin East Coast Trains, on Class 91 91101 "FLYING SCOTSMAN" (York April 2018)
Class 91 101 (91101) FLYING SCOTSMAN ... with Driving Van Trailer 82205 (driving brake van Mark 4 140 mph)
... with driving van trailer 82205, heading north with an East Coast train service from London Kings Cross to Edinburgh Waverley - purple livery and entitled the FLYING SCOTSMAN
Driving van trailer (driving brake van) 82205 FLYING SCOTSMAN at Leeds Station
The FLYING SCOTSMAN at Doncaster station
Leaving York, under the Holgate Road bridge, driving van trailer 82219 leads a Virgin service for KX (April 2018)
East Coast train lead by Class 91 114 ( Class 91 electric locomotive 91114) which seems to be named "Lindisfarne Gospels Durham, One amazing book, one incredible journey"
Class 91 electric locomotive 91114 is now called "Durham Cathedral"
Class 91 116 electric locomotive 91116 waits at Newcastle with a KX train.
A Class 91 118 electric locomotive (91118 still in old GNER livery, ex 91018) passing through Northallerton with a London King's Cross - Edinburgh East Coast train. Also at Northallerton with a train for KX, side-rear view of Class 91 locomotive 91118
Class 91 electric locomotive 109 (91109 Sir Bobby Robson) standing at Leeds Station with a train for Kings Cross from York.
Class 91 91109 "Sir Bobby Robson" at Newcastle station
Class 91 FLYING SCOTSMAN (driving brake van) arriving at Wakefield Westgate Station (82205 + 91109)
Class 91 electric locomotive 102 driving unit 91102, named City of York, just departing from Northallerton with a train for King's Cross
Electric locomotive Class 91102 City of York
Driving trailer van 82204 (above), 82218 (below), driving brake vans (Mark 4 140 mph heading trains from Newcastle/Edinburgh to Kings Cross, passing at speed, southbound through Northallerton.
Northbound East Coast train, south of York, Class 91 electric locomotive 106 (91106) with a Kings Cross Edinburgh train.
Note the old East Coast Trains livery - compare with the Class 91 image below
Class 91 electric locomotive 91106 in Virgin Trains East Coast livery, not stopping, with a Kings Cross to Edinburgh service (29/11/16)
Similarly, Class 91 electric locomotive 113 (loco 91113, old GNER livery) at Colton Junction, south of York, August 2013
Driving trailer van 82219 leads an East Coast train approaching Northallerton station with an express from Newcastle to London Kings Cross.
A northbound East Coast express train on the East coast mainline south of York with a train from King's Cross hauled by Class 91 electric locomotive 117 (91117).
Class 91 111 (electric locomotive 91111) pulling into Northallerton Station with a train for Newcastle and Edinburgh
Driving van trailer 82215 (driving brake van Mark 4 140 mph) heading a train for London King's Cross pulling into Northallerton station, the Class 91 electric locomotive is at the rear.
Class 91 hauled train, with driving trailer van unit Mark 4 82213 at Doncaster station.
Driving brake van 82230 at the rear of a north bound East Coast Trains express leaving York station
A pair of Driving Brake Vans (driving van trailers 82211 82223) for working with Class 91 electric locomotive train sets (Kings Cross station)
Driving brake van 82220 at the rear of a Class 91 powered East Coast train at York station.
Driving trailer van for a Class 91 locomotive hauled train at Northallerton with the old GNER livery, and a class 91 electric locomotive at Kings Cross station in GNER livery (both shots from 2007).
Class 91 hauled Virgin Trains East Coast train speeding towards Northallerton with a KX to Edinburgh service (the new Virgin livery, June 2015).
Class 91 electric locomotive 91108 at the rear of a Virgin Train East Coast service to London Kings Cross (York station, July 10th 2016)
Driving Brake Van DVT 82210 heading a Virgin train service south non-stop through Peterborough station for KX (29/11/16)
Class 91 serving DVT Driving Brake van 82215 heading a non-stopping southbound Virgin trains to KX service (Peterborough 29/11/16)
Class 91 91107 "SKYFALL" (91007) northbound from Peterborough station (29/11/16)
With the Class 91 electric locomotive in the rear, DVT 82205 leads the non-stopping Flying Scotsman southbound through Peterborough station (29/11/16)
Class 91 electric locomotive 91112, at York station with a LNER KX service to Newcastle (Nov. 2108)
Class 91 electric locomotive 91108, the first to be withdrawn (Doncaster Wabtec works, 13/09/2019)
All Class 91 electric locomotives were still operated by LNER in 2019 - but the Class 800 Azuma trains are now replacing them
Electric locomotive 91010 (now 91101) holds the national speed record for electric locomotives of 162 mph attained at Stoke Bank near Peterborough on 17 September 1989.
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